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Flashcards in Pain Deck (15):
1

gate control theory of pain

pain have emotional and cognitive components, in addition to a physical sensation

2

acute pain

new onset with cause

3

chronic pain

slow onset with no event causing and usually lasts longer than 3 months

4

breakthrough pain

severe transitory increase in pain on baseline of moderate intensity or less

5

social pain

financial, security, and relationships

6

psychological or emotional pain

fear, anger, depression

7

spiritual pain

god, church, meaning of life

8

unrelieved pain can cause what

prolonged stress response, reduced immune function, cardiovascular instability, respiratory dysfunction, genitourinary disturbances, metabolic imbalance, developmental issues

9

who is at greatest risk for pain

-older adults
-one's unable to communicate

10

assessment

location, intensity, quality, onset, alleviating factors, effect of pain on quality of life, and comfort goal

11

ABCDE

-ask about pain regularly
-believe the patient and family in their reports of pain and what relieves it
-choose pain control options appropriate for the patient, family, and setting
-deliver interventions in a timely, logical, coordinated fashion
-empower patients and families by enabling their control over their course to the greatest extent

12

diagnosis

-activity intolerance
-anxiety
-ineffective coping
-fatigue
-fear
-insomnia
-hopelessness
-imbalanced nutrition

13

outcomes

-continue to obtain patient self report of pain
-consider patient condition or exposure to painful procedure
-observe for behavioral signs of pain
-conduct analgesic trail

14

side effects of opioids

-constipation
-nausea
-vomiting
-urinary retention
-altered renal function
-itch/rash
-dry mouth
-respiratory depression

15

non-pharmacologic interventions

-massage
-positioning
-body alignment
-splinting
-thermal interventions
-mind-body therapies
-distraction
-music
-exercise