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Flashcards in Panels/ common calculations Deck (13)
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1

Basic Metabolic Panel

Na+, K+, Cl-, CO2, Ca++, glucose , creatinine, BUN, 

 

"ALL the major cats and anions, plus calcium  then BCG!!!

2

Comprehensive Metabolic panel

The basic plus: albumin, total protein, ALP, AST, bilirubin

3

Electrolyte panel

only Na, K, Cl, CO2

4

Liver/ Hepatic Function Panel

albumin, ALT, AST, ALP, bilirubin total and direct, and total protein

5

Lipid Panel

Total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, Trigs

6

Renal function panel

Na+, K+, Ca++, CO2, phosphate,

albumin, BUN, creatinine, glucose, 

7

What is the Anion Gap? when does it increase?

the diff btw unmeasured anions and measured cations; Increases in: renal failure, DKA, lactic acidosis, methanol/ethanol/ethylene glycol or salicylate poisoning (common examples)

8

Give two formulas for anion gap calculation

(Na+ + K+) - (Cl -+ HCO3-)

or

Na - (Cl-+ HCO3-)

9

normal anion gap range

longer formula that includes Potassium, 10 to 20;

Shorter formula, 7 to 16

10

How is a w/w percent solution calculated? w/v?  v/v?

for w/v: use g/ 100g

for w/v: g/100mL 

for v/v: ml/100mL

11

what is molarity?

moles per liter, for concentration of a substance in solution

12

what is the formula for normality?

M x n where M is moles, and n is number of either H+ or OH-  units

i.e. :  1.4 M H2SO4, there are 2 H+ that can protonate the solution, so 1.4 x 2 = 2.8 N

13