Basic Metabolic Panel
Na+, K+, Cl-, CO2, Ca++, glucose , creatinine, BUN,
"ALL the major cats and anions, plus calcium then BCG!!!
Comprehensive Metabolic panel
The basic plus: albumin, total protein, ALP, AST, bilirubin
only Na, K, Cl, CO2
Liver/ Hepatic Function Panel
albumin, ALT, AST, ALP, bilirubin total and direct, and total protein
Total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, Trigs
Renal function panel
Na+, K+, Ca++, CO2, phosphate,
albumin, BUN, creatinine, glucose,
What is the Anion Gap? when does it increase?
the diff btw unmeasured anions and measured cations; Increases in: renal failure, DKA, lactic acidosis, methanol/ethanol/ethylene glycol or salicylate poisoning (common examples)
Give two formulas for anion gap calculation
(Na+ + K+) - (Cl -+ HCO3-)
Na - (Cl-+ HCO3-)
normal anion gap range
longer formula that includes Potassium, 10 to 20;
Shorter formula, 7 to 16
How is a w/w percent solution calculated? w/v? v/v?
for w/v: use g/ 100g
for w/v: g/100mL
for v/v: ml/100mL
what is molarity?
moles per liter, for concentration of a substance in solution
what is the formula for normality?
M x n where M is moles, and n is number of either H+ or OH- units
i.e. : 1.4 M H2SO4, there are 2 H+ that can protonate the solution, so 1.4 x 2 = 2.8 N