Flashcards in Parasitology Final Deck (140):
Reproductive segments of tape worm is located in _________
Scolex of women has been recovered in the feces after the patient has been drug tested. The scolex bears four cup-shaped suckers. You would identify which of the following?
A patient from the Great Lakes presents with weight loss, anemia, and weakness with B12 deficiency. Which one of the following would be probable cause?
The dwarf tape worm requires no immediate host, but sometimes can use the following as their transport.
A. House Mouse
D. A, B, & C
A kind of helmenth worm that has an elongated shape, seperate sex, and is found in blood vessels of its definitive host.
White piedra is a fungal infection of _______.
_________ are infections characterized by the development of lesions at the site of implantation of infection (within and below the skin).
Onychomycosis is a general term used to describe an infection of the _________.
This blood parasite ranks second as a source of serious worldwide morbidity and mortality.
This fluke causes a contact type dermattis that does not lead to an infection within the circulatory system, and is known as SWIMMER'S ITCH.
An intermediate host of Opisthorchis sinensis is the ______.
Which one of the following platyhelminthes infects humans by skin penetration and has an association with bladder cancer.
The Giardia infection can be prevented and controlled by the ________.
B. Water Treatment
C. Food Sanitation
D. B & C
Miracidium is a ciliated first-stage, free-swimming larva of a fluke, which emerge from the egg and must penetrate the appropriate species of snail.
Schistosoma is a type of blood fluke that is elongated and has separate sex.
It is possible that a thermal dimorphism fungus alternates between hyphal and yeast phases in response to temperature.
In pathogen the yeast phase is more virulent than the hyphal phase.
Opportunistic fungi are more virulent than the pathogenic fungi.
Most systemic mycoses begin as pulmonary infection following the inhalation of spores from an environmental reservoir.
Histoplasmosis is endemic to Ohio Valley.
The common name for coceidiodomycosis is the Valley fever.
A mycetoma is a fungal tumor of the lung.
Ringworm is a communicable fungal infection of the skin, hair, and nails.
Dermathophytes invade and grow in the lungs and other organs.
Candidiasis is a local and systemic infection readily transmitted to others through casual contact.
Cryptococcosis is associated with contact with pigeon droopings.
Actinomycetes are bacteria that produce fungus-like diseases.
A conidium is a sexual spore and a zygospore is an adrenal spore.
Most fungi are ________, meaning that they obtain their nutrient from the remains of dead plants and animals in soil, fresh water, or salt water.
All protoszoan pathogen have a trophozoite.
Ameba reproduces both sexually and asexually.
In the erythrocytic phase of infection, plasmodium invades white blood cells.
A 5 year old girl who has been living in New York for the last ear has developed sever itching (rectal & vaginal area), abdominal pain, loss of sleep, and mild nausea. Which test do you recommend to do first for diagnosis.
Cellophane Tape preparation from peranal area.
Fasiolopis buski infection in humans can be diagnosed by examination of _____ ________.
Eggs in feces
Naeglaria fowleri infection in human begins with entrance of parasite to ______ by _______.
Nasal passage, breathing
Upon infection with naeglaria fowleri, clinical symptoms are very similar to the common cold.
A blood parasite that invades all ages of red blood cells and is known as the deadliest plasmodium.
A. have both male and female sex organs in the same worms.
B. A ciliated hexacanth embryo
C. One of the segments of a tapeworm
D. A class with in the phylum platyhelminthe, which includes the tapeworm.
E. Anterior end of .... (can not make out the word here)
B. A structure formed by E. Granulosus
A. A motile, first stage larvae
D. Brood capsule
B. Hydatid cyst
C. A bladder worm
D. Inside the daughter cyst in Echinococcus granulosis
E. Loss of appetite
B. Diphyllobothrium lanum
D. Fasciolopsis buski
C. Taenia saginate
E. Clonorchis sinerisis
A. Echinococcus germ
A. Hydatid tapeworm
B. Broadfish tapeworm
C. Beef tapeworm
D. Large intestinal fluke
E. Chinese liver fluke
D. Paragonimus westermani
A. Fasciolopsis buski
B. Taenia saginata
C. Taenia solium
E. Clonorchis sinensis
B. Beef tapeworm infection
D. Oriental lung fluke
E. Chinese liver fluke
A. Dematiaceous fungi
B. Histoplasma dermatitis
C. Sporothris scheneckii
D. Cup-shaped lesion
E. Raised fluetuant suppurative lesions (abscess)
T/F: Chromoblastic mycosis is a disease of pigmented fungi?
Most fungi that cause subcutaneous mycosis are inhibited by ______ of blood and rarely disseminate in the body.
Which of the following might cause a mycosis in a more healthy person?
Diagnosis of Tinea versicolor is based on:
Which of the following terminate as sac?
Which efficitous of host resistance fungal infection?
Cell mediated response
Natural immunity to fungal disease are generally very:
Asexual reproduction occurs in yeast by:
T/F: Histoplasma capsultitum is the cause of histoplasmosis
Mycotoxocosis is a disease by:
Thrush is a white patch caused by:
The cestoda are the most extreme parasite worm are:
Where will the adult form in cystecercus (bladder worm) of T. soleum consumed?
Infection by T. Sagiinata is initiated by:
Cysticercosis is an infection by T. soleum:
Neurocysticercosis is an infection caused by:
One of the most common systemic tapeworm infections is:
What is the definitive host other than human diphyllobolatium?
________, _______, and abdominal pain are signs and sypmtoms for diphyllobothrium latum because of:
A patient from the Great Lakes presents with weight loss, weakness, and anemia (B12). What is more than likely the cause?
Copepod serves as host for:
Inguinal fungi derive nutrients through:
Toes and Nails
Morphology of fasciola hepatica is:
Paragonimus westernani infection in human is diagnosed by examining what?
Eggs in feces
Schistosomal infection is not common in ______ because of the lack of proper ______?
USA, Intermediate host (snail)
T/F: Microbilharzia variglandis causes swimmer's disease:
T/F: LSD is a micotoxin:
T/F: It is believed that antibodies play little part in preventing fungal infections.
T/F: All fungi causing systemic mycosis are pathogens.
Which of the following grow at 98 degrees?
Severity of fugal infections depends on:
Environment, virulence, and state of immunity.
Hymenolepis nana =
Dwarf tapeworm and contaminated food with worm
Olonorchis sinesis =
Chinese liver fluke
Large intesting fluke
None of the above
Ringworm of feet =
T. niagra =
T. Saginata has gravid proglottid with 15-30 uterine branches and the ____ has only four suckers.
The head of ______ tapeworm has only four suckers with a central crown of hook.
Which of the following tapeworms does not require intermediate host?
AA class of the phylum platyhelminthes which include the flukes (trematodes).
A larval form from miracidium in snail
One of the segments of a tapeworm
Anterior end of worm
Having both male and female sex organs in the same worm
A structure formed by E. granulosus
A larva having 6 hooks
Larval stage in fish muscle
Cercaria has lost its tail, and enters skin or blood
T. Saginata =
Organ dwelling flukes
Olonorchis sinesis =
Fasciola hepatica =
Sheep liver fluke and eating bad veggies
An intermediate host of Schistosoma mansoni is the :
A kind of helminth worm that has an elongated, ribbon like, segmented body, and is found in intestinal tracts of its definitive host:
This blood parasite ranks 2nd as a source of serious worldwide morbidity and mortality:
T/F: Tapeworm is a type of intestinal fluke that is elongated and have separate sex.
Is it possible that a dimorphism fungus alternate between sexual and asexual reproduction?
Which one of the following platyhelminthines infect humans by close contact with infected dog, sheep, or herbivore, and forms hydatid cst in liver, lungs, or other organs?
The adult _____ worm lives for many years, and usually only one worm is present in the intestine.
The larval stage of which one of the following worms is infective to humans if the parasitized pig intermediate host meat is ingested?
These terms are in order to describe the chronological sequence of the life cycle of blood dwelling flukes:
Egg, Miracidium ,and Cercariae
T/F: Miracidium is a ciliated first-stage, free swimming larva fluke, which emerge from the egg and must penetrate the appropriate species of snail.
T/F: Dermathophytes fungus infects, scalp, hair, skin, feet, and nails
T/F: Systemic mycosis are only initiated by opportunistic fungus.
T/F: Candidiasis is a local and systemic infection readily transmitted to others through casual contact.
T/F: In pathogen, the yeast phase is more virulent than the hyphal phase.
T/F: Opportunistic fungi are less virulent than true pathogenic fungi:
T/F: Systemic mycoses begin as primary pulmonary infection (PPI) following the inhalation of spored from an environmental reservoir.
T/F: Histoplasma capsulatum is the cause of Histoplasmosis:
T/F: The common name for coccidiomycosis is San Janquin fever.
T/F: A mycetoma is a fungal tumor of the lung.
Black piedra, is caused by ________.
_______ are infections characterized by the development of lesions at the outer epidermal surface ( neither inflammatory nor invasive).
T/F: A conidium is a sexual spore and a zygospore is an asexual spore.
A _______ is any unicellular fungus with round to oval cells that reproduce asexually by giving off small cells called ______.
Some fungi are_____, meaning that they obtain their nutrients from living organisms.
E. Granulusum =
Ingested egg by infected dog.
Diphyllobothrium latum =
Schistosoma Japaniculum =
T. Solium =
T. Saginata =
Para westernani =
T/F: Parasitic infection always leads to overt clinical symptoms.
Which one of the following parasites has been, presumably, eradicated from Africa?
Onchocerca volvulus causes:
Hypertrophy or fibrosis of the tissue due to the obstruction of the afferent lymphatic channels results in: