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Flashcards in Part 2 Deck (55)
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Allusion

A reference in a written or spoken text to another text or to some particular body of knowledge

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Anaphora

The repetition of a group of words at the beginning of successive clauses

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Antimetabole

The repetition of words in successive clauses in reverse grammatical order

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Antithesis

The juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas, often in parallel structure

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Apology

An elaborate statement justifying some controversial, even contentious position

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Apostrophe

Type of soliloquy where nature is address as though human

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Appeal to authority

In a text, the reference to words, action, or beliefs of a person in authority as a means of supporting claim, generalization, or conclusion

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Argument

A carefully constructed, well-supported representation of how a writer sees an issue, problem, or subject

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Assonance

The repetition of vowel sounds in the stresses syllables of two or more adjacent words

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Begging of the question

The situation that results when a writer or speaker constructs an argument on an assumption that the audience does not accept

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Causal relationship
(Cause-and-effect relationship)

The relationship expressing "if X is the cause, then Y is the effect," or, " If Y is the effect then X caused it"

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Claim

The ultimate conclusion, generalization, or point that a syllogism or Enthymeme expresses. The point, backed up by support, of an argument.

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Complex sentence

A sentence with one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses

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Compound sentence

A sentence with two or more independent clauses

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Conflict

The struggle of characters with themselves, with others, or with the world around them

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Connotation

The implied meaning of a word, in contrast to its directly expressed "dictionary meaning"

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Context

The convergence of time, place, audience, and motivating factors In which a piece of writing or a speech is situated.

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Data
(As evidence)

Facts, statistics, and examples that a speaker or writer offers in support of a claim, generalization, or conclusion.

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Denotation

The dictionary definition of a word, in contrast to its connotation, or implied meaning

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Ellipsis

The omission of words, the meaning of which is provided by the overall context of a passage

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Epistrophe

The repetition of a group of words at the end of successive clauses

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Epithet

A word or phrase adding a characteristic to a persons name

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Euphemism

An indirect expression of unpleasant information in such a way as to lessen its impact

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Exordium

In ancient roman ocatory, the introduction of a speech, meant to draw the audience into the speech

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Figurative Language

Language dominated by the use of schemes and tropes

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Generalization

A point that a speaker or writer generates in the basis of considering a number of particular examples

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House analogy

In ancient roman oratory, the method that speakers used to memorize their speeches, connecting the indri diction to the porch of a house, the narration and partition to the front foyer, the confirmation and refutation to rooms connected to the foyer, and the conclusion to the back door

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Imagery

Language that provokes particular sensations or emotionally rich experiences in a reader

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Implied metaphor

A metaphor embedded in a sentence rather than expresses directly as a sentence.

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Inference

A conclusion that a reader or listener reaches by means if his or her own thinking rather than by direct statement in a text