Part 3 - Chapter 3 - Diagrams and Analysis Flashcards Preview

Phi 111- Logic > Part 3 - Chapter 3 - Diagrams and Analysis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Part 3 - Chapter 3 - Diagrams and Analysis Deck (14):
1

A diagram that reveals the occurrence of independent premises.

Convergent diagram

2

Premises are dependent when they act together to support a conclusion.

Dependent premises

3

A diagram that reveals the occurrence of dependent premises.

Linked diagram

4

A diagram that shows a single premise supporting independent conclusions.

Divergent diagram

5

A diagram that shows that a conclusion from one argument is a premise in a second argument.

Serial diagram

6

Arguments with missing premises, missing conclusions, or both.

Enthymemes

7

We should choose the reconstructed argument that gives the benefit of the doubt to the person presenting the argument.

Principle of charity

8

When we speak or write for dramatic or exaggerated effect; that is, the language we employ may be implying things that are not explicitly said.

Rhetorical language

9

When a statement is disguised in the form of a question.

Rhetorical question

10

A conditional statement that is used to imply an argument.

Rhetorical conditional

11

A disjunction that is used to disguise a statement or an implied argument.

Rhetorical disjunction

12

Whenever one event ensures that another event will happen.

Sufficient condition

13

When one thing essential, mandatory, or required in order for another thing to be realized.

Necessary condition

14

Premises are independent when the falsity of either one would not nullify any support the others would give to the conclusion.

Independent premises