Part 2- Informal Logic - Chapter 2 Language Matters Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Part 2- Informal Logic - Chapter 2 Language Matters Deck (15):
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A single word or a group of words that can be a subject of a statement; it can be a common name, a proper name, or even a descriptive phrase.

Term

1

The intension of a term is specified by listing the properties or attributes that the term connotes--in other words, it's sense.

Intension

2

The class or collection of objects to which the term applies. In other words, what the term denotes (it's reference).

Extension

3

A group of objects

Class

4

A class that has zero members.

Empty class

5

In a sequence of terms where each term after the first connotes more attributes than the previous term.

Increasing intension

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In a sequence of terms where each term after the first denotes a set of objects with fewer members than the previous term.

Decreasing extension

7

In a sequence of terms where each term after the first connotes fewer attributes than the previous term.

Decreasing intension

8

In a sequence of terms where each term after the first denotes a set of objects with more members than the previous term.

Increasing extension

9

A definition assigns a meaning to a word, phrase, or symbol.

Definition

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Refers to that which is being defined.

Definiendum

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Refers to that which does the defining.

Definiens

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Assigns a meaning to a term by listing the properties or attributes shared by all the objects that are denoted by term.

Intensional definition

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Assigns a meaning to a term by providing another term with the same meaning; in other words, by providing a synonym.

Synonymous definition

14

Defines a term by specifying a measurement procedure.

Operational definition.