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Flashcards in Past mpq Deck (34)
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1

Part of the special gut mucosa:
A. Histamine
B. Leuktrienes
C. Prostaglandins (2)
D. Serotonin

C. Prostaglandins (2)

2

Hemolysis is caused by:
A. Cabbage, some bacteria
B. Insulin, non-dependent diabetes, some bacteria
C. Insulin overdose etc.

C. Insulin overdose etc.

3

What is true?
A. Posthepatic icterus (or bilirubin) is more common in humans than dogs
B. Br I and II in urine ...
C. Bilirubin increase in haemolysis(prehepatic) phase and during liver damage(hepatic)

C. Bilirubin increase in haemolysis(prehepatic) phase and during liver damage(hepatic)

4

What counts to the “motor unit”?
A. Motor neuron
B. Skeletal muscle fiber
C. Terminal axon
D. All of them

D. All of them

5

Hypertonic animal, what is correct?
A. The cells shrink during hypotonia if you give Hazardous solution to it
B. The cells swell during hypotonia if you give Hazardous solution to it
C. Hypertonia is the same effect like drinking sea water
D. If you give Hazardous solution to the animal it will help with the edema

C. Hypertonia is the same effect like drinking sea water

6

The constipation during obesity
A. The obesity cows with low motility can develop constipation
B. Constipation develops frequently to narrowing intestines
C. Obese and little exercised animals have bigger chance of constipation

C. Obese and little exercised animals have bigger chance of constipation

7

What is false about tetany?
A. Soil is alkaline so the minerals accumulate to the crops
B. The Magnesium don’t play any part in it

B. The Magnesium don’t play any part in it

8

Necrosis which one is false?
A. Takes a lot of time
B. Happens in cyclic...
C. Requires a lot of energy

C. Requires a lot of energy

9

Apoptosis which one is false?
A. Takes a lot of time
B. Happens in cyclic...
C. Requires a lot of energy

A. Takes a lot of time

10

Where is the homeostasis center located?
A. Temporal lobe
B. Occipital lobe
C. Hypothalamus
D. Parietal lobe

C. Hypothalamus

11

In diabetes mellitus
A. Polydipsia is a cause of polyuria
B. Polyuria is a cause of polyuria
C. Polyuria is cause of polydipsia

A. Polydipsia is a cause of polyuria

12

In eclampsy the ions
A. Ca plays an important role
B. Mg plays an important role
C. Ca plays an crucial role
D. Mg plays a crucial role

C. Ca plays an crucial role

13

What is not correct?
A. Vomiting is caused by a release of vasopressin
B. Vomiting causes dehydration
C. Vomiting causes alkalosis (due to acid loss)
D. Vomiting is caused by enteral disease (GI disease)
E. Vomiting is caused by a release of ADH

A. Vomiting is caused by a release of vasopressin

14

Oxygen is a:
A. Weak oxide due to more protons than electrons
B. Strong oxide due to more protons than electrons
C. Weak oxide due to 2 electrons with parallel spin
D. Strong oxide due to 2 electrons with parallel spin

D. Strong oxide due to 2 electrons with parallel spin

15

The most important cation and ion in anion balance are
A. Cl and Ca
B. Cl and Na/Ca and Na
C. Cl and proprotein (or something)
D. Cl and HCO3

B. Cl and Na/Ca and Na

16

Tetanic convulsions:
A. Decreased ionized Ca and also hypoglycemia
B. Increased ionized calcium
C. Decreased total calcium
D. Increased total calcium

A. Decreased ionized Ca and also hypoglycemia

17

Which one does not lead to regenerative anaemia
A. Cu toxicosis
B. Chronic blood loss
C. Bracken Fern toxicosis

C. Bracken Fern toxicosis

18

Hypernatremia is when the concentration lowers to
A. >130
B. >180
C. >200
D. >300

A. >130

19

The ration of ketone bodies
A. Milk 1, plasma 2-3, urine 4-5
B. Milk 4-5, urine 1, plasma 2-3
C. Milk 2-3, Urine 1, plasma 4-5
D. Milk 4-5, urine 2-3, plasma 1

A. Milk 1, plasma 2-3, urine 4-5

20

The nerve that effects horses mastication/seizing
A. 5
B. 7
C. 2
D. 12

B. 7

21

Hydrogen peroxide
A. It is a free radical, but not a ROS
B. It is not a free radical, but a ROS
C. It is not a free radical and not a ROS
D. It is a free radical and ROS

B. It is not a free radical, but a ROS

22

Qualitative salivation problems are defined as
A. Xerostomia, dryness of the oral mucosa
B. Ptyalosis, increased production of saliva
C. The bicarbonate molecule is missing (HCO3)

C. The bicarbonate molecule is missing (HCO3)

23

Quantitative salivation problems are defined as
A. Xerostomia, ptyalosis
B. The bicarbonate molecules is missing (HCO3)

A. Xerostomia, ptyalosis

24

Parturition paresis:
A. Hypomagnesaemia
B. Hypermagnesaemia
C. Hypocalcaemia
D. Hypercalcaemia

C. Hypocalcaemia

25

Released in acute stress:
A. Epinephrine (adrenaline)
B. Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
C. Glucocorticoids
D. Catecholamine’s

D. Catecholamine’s

26

Released in acute stress:
A. Epinephrine (adrenaline)
B. Norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
C. Glucocorticoids
D. Adrenalin

D. Adrenalin (if Catecholamine’s is not an alternative)

27

Congenital enteral disease:
A. Milk and flavor defect
B. Pollen allergy
C. Penicillin allergy

A. Milk and flavor defect

28

Observed in a fasting ruminants:
A. Decreased ketones
B. Increase of motility
C. Alkalosis
D. Increase of VFA

C. Alkalosis (true: increase of saliva, increase pH)

Other correct answers:
Increase in ketones (ketosis), Decrease of motility, Decrease of VFA

29

What causes dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)?
A. Megaosopahgus
B. Trismus
C. Myositis
D. TIC

A. Megaosopahgus

30

What is false?
A. Some allergic reaction regarding sensitive allergy
B. Non immune mediated allergy
C. Immune mediated allergy
D. Anaphylaxis

D. Anaphylaxis

31

Dalmatians regulate their hyperuricemia by:
A. Decreased reabsorption
B. Increased excretion
C. Increased reabsorption
D. Decreased excretion

B. Increased excretion

32

What is not a chewing problem?
A. Megaosopahgus
B. Trismus
C. Myositis
D. TIC

A. Megaosopahgus

33

Hypernatraemia can also be called?
A. “Salt poisoning”
B. “Water poisoning”
C. It is not called poisoning at all
D. “Natraemia poisoning”

A. “Salt poisoning”

34

What can cause alkalosis in ruminants?
A. Increased protein intake, decreased carbohydrate intake
B. Decreased protein intake, decreased carbohydrate intake
C. Decreased protein intake, increased carbohydrate intake
D. Increased protein intake, increased carbohydrate intake

A. Increased protein intake, decreased carbohydrate intake