Past Tenses Explanations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Past Tenses Explanations Deck (17):
1

COMPARE: PRETERITE TENSE The preterite tense generally is used to describe an event that happened at a specific point in time and was completed;.

I was there; I broke my arm

WITH: IMPERFECT TENSE Preterito Imperfecto The imperfect is used in telling of events that happened continually, habitually or over an indefinite period of time.

I used to be there

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"fui a tu casa a las ocho" I went to your house - (at a specific time).

"iba a tu casa" I "USED TO"  go to your house --- or I would go to your house (referring to past) --- or I (USUALLY ) went to your house (regularly)

Mike's "used to"  or "was" tense

3

PRETERITE TENSE:

"la conocí" I met her (single event)

PRETERITO IMPERFECTO:

"la conocia" I knew her (over a period of time).

4

PRETERITE:

Past action that happened a fixed point in time, a specific number of times ? or during an enclosed amount of time.

FUI,---- ESTUBE,   ---   HABLÉ,  ---  COMÍ

PRETERITO IMPERFECTO:

Non specific or continuous past action that took place repeatedly OR over an extended period of time. "used to" " was + ing" "would always"

ERA, ESTABA,  --  HABLABA,  COMÍA

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Definition: The verb tense that expresses action taking place at a definite time in the past. The preterite is the tense that would normally be thought of as the simple past tense in English.

Also known as: simple past tense, PRETERITO INDEFINIDO or pretérito perfecto simple in Spanish

Alternative spelling: preterit

PRETERITO INDEFINIDO se usa para relatar acciones ocurridas en un pasado concreto, no relacionada con el

FUI,     ESTUVE,   HABLÉ,      COMÍ

The tense that expresses action in the past that has not been completed, that occurred habitually or frequently or that took place over an indefinite period of time.

Usamos el Préterito Imperfecto para describir las circumstancias que rodean a un (acontecimiento= an event) pasado       RODEAR---to surround

ERA, ---- ESTABA, --- HABLABA  ---  COMÍA --- HACÍA

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Use of verb ---to be obligated DEBER in Preterite: expresses the idea that something should have happened.

Mike should have left = Mike debió salir.

Strong likelihood that something has happened. Mike must have left

DEBER in the Imperfect: expresses the idea that something should occur.

Mike should leave  = Mike debía salir

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Use of verb

PODER

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PODER in Preterite Usually means "managed to" or "was able to" 

Pudo salvar el gato  = He was able to save the cat.

PODER in the Imperfect Often used to mean "could"

Muchas veces no podía salir = He frequently couldn't leave.

9

PRÉTERITO PERFECTO: Present Perfect in most grammars

Collins calls it the Perfect tense

Mike calls it the "HAVE" Tense

Aula calls it Pretérito Perfecto

Despite its name, the Present Perfect tense in Spanish (and English as well) is used to refer to events that happened in the past.

THE    HAVE     TENSE

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"HAVE TENSE"

 

In Spanish, the PRESENT PERFECT OR "have" tense is formed by the present tense of HABER

 

 

Followed by the past participle:

       HE SIDO,

       HE ESTADO --

       HE HABLADO

       HE COMIDO

   

"HAVE TENSE"

 

11

Verbarrator says "Implies completed action in a recent scope of time, including the present but not time specific - like the Preterite.

He, Has ,Ha, Hemos, Habeis, Han

     

        + Past Participle "--ado", "--ido"

 

12

El preterito perfecto se forma con el presente del auxilar verbo HABER y el participio pasado

      He hablado

      He comido

      He vivido

Usamos el preterito perfecto para referirnos a acciones o a acontecimientos  occuridos (EVENTS) en un momento pasado no definido. No se dice cuándo ha occurido la acción porque no interesa o no se sabe . Se acompaña con marcadores como                   

               YA/TODAVÍA NO; 

                NUNCA;

                 ALGUNA VEZ;

                UNA VEZ;

                 DOS VECES;

                 MUCHAS VECES.

13

Past Perfect or Pluperfect

Collins uses both

Verbarrator uses Preterit Perfect

Aula uses Pluscuamperfecto

Mike calls it the "HAD" Tense

Verbarrator says: Describes action or event that happened before another past action, always a stated or implied cutoff in the past. A verb tense to indicate that an action was completed at some specified or implied time in the past. (About.com)

                         HABÍA SIDO, 

                         HABÍA ESTADO

                         HABÍA HABLADO,

                         HABÍA COMIDO

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El pluscuamperfecto se forma con el Imperfecto del auxilar verbo HABER y el participio pasado

Usamos este tiempo para marcar que una acción pasada es anterior a otra acción ya mencionada.

15

When we arrived at the theatre the play/function had begun

Cuando llegamos al teatro ya HABÍA EMPEZADO la función.

16

An event

un acontecimiento,

ALSO  un evento

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