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NBCE Part 4 > Path and Physical Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Path and Physical Exam Deck (199)
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1

Malar Rash

SLE

2

Heliotrope Rash

Dermatomyositis; Rash around eyes

3

Rashes over dorsal joints of hand, upper back, around eyes

Dermatomyositis

4

Rashes with Progressive muscle weakness

Dermatomyositis

5

Rash on left elbow and forearm with weakness of that arm that is getting worse

Dermatomyositis

6

Rash on extensors

Psoriasis

7

Silver Scale Rash

Psoriasis

8

Rash on Flexors

Eczema

9

Eczema

Severe Itching. SO Itchy that Pts will scratch till it bleeds; In areas of folded skin;

10

Psoriasis

Well-defined lesions; thick, silver scale; Feels less itchy (Mild) but more like a burn

11

Contact dermatitis can cause

Eczema

12

Skin Conditions to avoid Sun exposure

SLE; Dermatomyositis

13

Skin lesion with ulceration and crusting; signs of bleeding; Border irregular

Squamous Cell Carcinoma

14

Shiny Pearly Skin lesion with raised borders and flat center

Basal Cell

15

Basal Cell Slow or Fast growing

SLow

16

Hyperpigmented skin lesion that has been changing quickly

Melanoma

17

Icterus (AKA)

Jaundice

18

Enopthalmos

Sunken eye

19

Unilateral Miosis

Horner's; B/L = Drugs

20

Dry Eyes could indicate

Sjorgrens

21

Vertical Nystagmus

Brain Stem or MS; Vertical Nystagmus is not good. Horizontal can be normal or is much more likely to be benign

22

If asked to perform CN 2 and 3 perform which tests?

Direct; Indirect; Accommodation and convergence (Look for pupil constriction)

23

Mydriasis is?

Fully Dilated pupil

24

Anisocoria is?

Irregular pupil size compared B/L; Can be normal; affects 20% of the population??

25

Pupil that accommodates but does not react to light

Argyll-Robinson Pupil

26

Nerve responsible for "Opening of eyelid"

CN3

27

Nerve responsible for "Closing of eyelid"

CN7

28

Dilation of Pupil (Sympath or parasympathetic Nerve?)

Sympath

29

Why do chiros eval the eyes?

For early signs of getting MS, MG, DM

30

Silver Wire/Copper Wire Appearance; AV Nicking (sign of?)

Atherosclerosis