Physiotherapy Flashcards Preview

NBCE Part 4 > Physiotherapy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Physiotherapy Deck (53)
Loading flashcards...
1

Name 5/8 Contraindications (CI) to Electrical modalities?

Brain
Eyes
Heart
Carotid Sinuses
Pacemaker
Anesthesia/Paresthesia
Prego (Low back)
Open wounds

2

Name 4/7 Contraindications (CI) to Heating Modalities?

DM
Acitve TB
Encapsulated Swellings
Decrease thermal Sensations
Abdomen/LB during Prego
Edema
Acute Conditions

3

Cryotherapy INDICATIONS

Migraines
Acute Conditions
Disc Acute/Subacute

4

Cryotherapy CI

Elderly
Hypersensitive to cold
Vasc dx: Raynauds, Buerger's
Frostbite or damaged skin
Tension Headache

5

Diathermy Indications

Bronchitis
Neuritis -- Sciatica
Deep chronic conditions
Joints

6

Diathermy CI (Name 3/6)

Wet Skin
Metal
Hearing Aids/Pacemakers
Prego
Ulcers
ADVANCED Osteoporosis

7

UV Light Indications

Skin Conditions: Fungal, Herpes
Bone Conditions: Rickets and Osteomalacia

8

Describe 2 radiological findings in Osteomalacia

Looser lines/Fx -- Found just inferior to lesser trochanter of femur
Bendy bones

9

UV CI name 4/5

SLE
Dermatomyositis
Hemorrhage
Vasc Conditions
Rx that causes photosensitization: Tetracycline

10

HMP Indications name 3/4

Spasms
Chronic
Arthritis
Tension HA

11

Contrast bath Indications name 3/4

SUBACUTE CT injury
Bruises
PVD
Raynauds

12

Contrast bath CI

Few
Paresthesia

13

Whirlpool bath Indication name 1/1

Burns

14

Sitz Bath Indications Name 5/7

Hemorrhoids
Dysmenorrhea
Coccydynia - Coccyx Pain
Prostatis
Cysts
Post Partum
Constipation

15

Paraffin Indication Name 1/1

Chronic Arthritis

16

Fluidotherapy Indications name 2/3

RSDS/CRPS
Chronic Arthritis
Strain

CI: Young/Old

17

Ultrasound (US) Indications (General)

Joint/MSK inflamm

18

Ultrasound (US) CI Name 3/5

Epiphysis/Bone growth zones
Fx
Infections
Laminectomy
Prego

19

Low Volt EMS Indication

Iontophoresis
**Does not Rehab/Build Muscle**

20

Fibromyalgia Vs CRPS/RSDS

Fibromyalgia = Widespread pain and sensitization. Unlike RSDS includes trunk pain and has associated fatigue, depression, anxiety/
RSDS = UE/LE pain. Occurs after injury, surgery, stroke, MI.
Abdominal pain/inflamm MBS

21

IFC Indications Name 3/4

Acute Injuries
Swelling
Spasm
Muscle atrophy

22

High Volt Indications Name 3/4

Acute/Subacute injuries
Swelling
Spasm
Muscle atrophy

23

TENs Indications Name 3/3

Pain
Cancer
Prego

24

Isometric exercises Indication

For PT just out of a cast
For weakened Muscles

25

Isotonic exercises Indication

Work hardening
Prepares PT for work/ return to work

26

Isokinetic exercises Indication

Rarely used
Used for athletes only

27

Difference BTW Bruegger's and Buerger

Bruegger's = Postural Exercises
Buerger's = Vasc Disease

28

Bruegger's indications Name 2/2

AS
COPD

29

William's Exercises Indications Name 3/3

*Sort of like Modified McKenzie*
Hyperlordosis
Facet
Spondylolesthesis

30

Codman's Exercises Indication Name 1/1

Shoulder
**Pendular exercise**
**Does not activate Supraspinatus**

31

Kegal's Indications Name 2/2

Prego
Incontinence

32

DeLorme's Indications Name 1/1

Knee
*Progressive resistant exercises*

33

Name a type of exercise for work hardening

Isotonic

34

Name an exercise for Shoulder Rehab

Codman's

35

Name an exercise for hyperlordosis and another for hypolordosis

McKenize for hypolordosis
William's for hyperlordosis

36

Name a modality for a Cancer PT

TENs

37

Name a modality for a prego PT

Cold pack
TENs

38

Name a modality for a PT with paresthesia

High VOlt

39

Name a modality for a Iontophoresis

Low Volt

40

Name a modality for Burns

Whirlpool bath

41

Name a modality for PVD PT

Contrast Bath

42

Name a modality for a PT with Rickets or Osteomalacia

UV

43

Name a modality for RSDS

Fluidotherapy

44

Intermittent Traction Indications Name 3/5

Acute or Chronic Disc
Hyperlordosis
Foraminal Encroachment
Adhesions
Chronic Muscle Spasms

45

What is the Philadephia Collar used for?

Transport to ER

46

Boston Brace indicated in?

Young Scoliosis PT
Can be used in T/S and down

47

Milwaukee Brace indicated in

Scoliosis PT (Any age)
Used in L/S and down only

48

William's Brace indicated for

Supports SI
*Has to be worn very tight*

49

Lumbosacral Corset indications

Disc
Facet
Spondylolesthesis
Any MSK back pain issue

50

Shoe Lifts: Name a lift for hypolordosis

Heel Lift

51

Shoe Lifts: Name a lift for hyperlordosis

Sole Lift (Front of foot)

52

Shoe Lifts: Name a lift for short leg

Planter lift

53

Shoe Lifts: Name a lift for SI of scoliosis

Ischial Lift (One sided butt lift)