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Flashcards in Special Tests Deck (60)
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1

NCV

Nerve Conduction velocity -- speed of nerve transmission

2

NCV (Used for?)

Peripheral Neuropathy

3

EMG

Electromyography -- Muscle reaction speed

4

EMG (Used for?)

Neuropathy, myelopathy, radiculopathy

5

Somatosensory evoked potentials (Used for?)

Sensory lesions: Syringomyelia, myelopathy, Peripheral Neuropathy

6

MRI (used for?)

In spine = ST; Rest of body = Bones and Joints

7

T1 weighted for?

Fat

8

CT (CAT Scan) (Used for?)

In spine = Hard tissues; Stenosis, Fracture. Rest of body ST: lung, bleeding

9

SPECT Scan (Used for?)

Fracture

10

PET Scan (Used for?)

Tumors particularly for malignants

11

Absorptiometry

Same/Similar to DEXA. For differentiation and diagnosis of Osteoporsis from Osteopenia (Determined on radiography) -- Bone density

12

Bone Scan (Other Names)

Scintinography and Radionucleotide

13

Radionucleotide (Other Names)

Scintinography and Bone Scan

14

Biopsy (Evaluation of?)

Tissue

15

Aspiration (Evaluation of?)

Fluids

16

Biopsy (Used for?)

Hodgkin's and Breast Cancer

17

Aspiration (Used for?)

Gout

18

IVP

Intervenous Pyelogram

19

IVP (Used for?)

KUB (Kidneys uretors bladder) obstruction. IE KD Stones.

20

IVP followed by?

Helical CT -- Determines stone location

21

Cytometry (Used for?)

Incontinence and prostate dysfunction

22

Cytometry (What doe sit measure?)

Urine Void amount

23

Difference btw arthroscopy/laproscopy

arthro for joint; lapro for abdomin

24

Difference btw colonoscopy/endoscopy

Endoscopy is for Small Intestine

25

BAP

Burnstein acid profusion

26

BAP (Used for?)

Identify eroded regions in GERD

27

Esophagram

Involves Barium Swallow

28

Colonoscopy (Used for?)

Colitis

29

Bronchoscopy (Used for?)

Cancer of lung

30

Arthroscopy (Used for?)

Meniscus injury

31

Throat vs Sputum Culture (Used for?)

Throat = Strep; Sputum = Productive Cough

32

Stool Culture (Used for?)

Food poisoning (Staph vs Salmonella)

33

Spirometry (Used for?)

COPD; Measures Lung Pressure

34

Tonometry (Measures?)

Eye pressure

35

Tonometry (Used for?)

Glaucoma

36

EEG (Used for?)

Seizures

37

Stress Test (Measures?)

CV System response

38

Stress Test (Used for?)

After MI, Claudication, Angina

39

Cardiac Profusion test (What is it?)

MRI of heart used following Stress Test after MI to determine blood supply to heart muscles

40

Electronystagmography

Measures Nystagmus in conditions such as BPPV and Meniere's

41

KD Stones (Order?)

IVP and Helical CT

42

GERD w/o possible Ulcers (Which Test for diagnosis?)

BAP

43

Neuropathy, myelopathy, radiculopathy (Confirmed with which study?)

EMG

44

MS (Which Test for diagnosis and Why?)

MRI; Detects demyelination

45

Alzheimers Vs MS

MS is episodic with remissions and aggravations; Alzheimers has memory loss and MS does not.

46

Carpal Tunnel suspected but could be TOS or Canal of Guyon (Which tests to differentiate?)

NCV and EMG. Maybe SSEP

47

Aortic Aneurysm (Which Tests when and Why?)

US and CT; MRI if burst is suspected

48

Emphysema (Which Test for diagnosis?)

Spirometry

49

Hodgkin's (Which Test and what other general condition is the test used for?)

Biopsy for any soft tissue cancer

50

GERD w/ (Which Test for diagnosis?)

BAP (Burstein acid profusion) and Scope

51

Strep Throat (Which Test for diagnosis?)

Throat Culture

52

Osteoporsis (Which Test for diagnosis?)

1st Run Serum Ca for ruling out bone cancer diagnosis. Once ruled out THEN DEXA (Used as a baseline to determine loss over time)

53

Mets (Which Test for diagnosis?)

Radionucleotide Scintinography

54

Pancoast Tumor (Which Test for diagnosis?)

Biopsy

55

Dysphagia (Which Test and what could be diagnosis?)

Scleroderma; Manometry

56

Crohn's Dx (Which Test for diagnosis?)

Barium Enema, Scope, biopsy (To rule out mets)

57

Progressive dysphagia (Which diagnosis?)

Scleroderma OR DISH
Scleroderma from lack of elastic recoil of Esophagus.
DISH INC size of Anterior portion of vertebral body presses upon and narrows the esophagus.

58

DISH with Dysphagia (Which test?)

Manometry

59

Bone Scan (When to order)

Unexplained bone pain; Occult Fracture suspected: Xray was negative for fracture but trauma was recent; Bone inflammation; Bone cancer.
Scan detects blastic activity of bone.

60

DEXA vs Bone Scan

DEXA is for bone loss; Bone scan is for blastic conditions of bone (Hot bone)