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Flashcards in pathology Deck (52):
1

what glands are in the external ear canal?

sebaceous and ceruminous glands

2

what glands are in the external ear canal?

sebaceous and ceruminous glands

3

what is otitis media?

inflammation of middle ear

4

cholesteatoma- what can cause this?

chronic otitis media and perforated tympanic membrane

5

normal lining of middle ear?

cuboidal or columnar glandular epithelium

6

associated with vestibular nerve
occur within temporal bone
represnet 80-90% cerebellopontine tumours angle tumours?
95% sporadic an unilateral?

vestibular schwannoma

7

if bilateral vetsibulaer schwannoma and young?

neurofibromatosis type 2

8

cafe au lait spots
axillart freckles
lisch nodules

neurofibromatosis type 2

9

causes of nasal polpys?

infection
allergy
asthma
nickle exposure

10

nasal polpys in young person, what should you consider?

cystic fibrosis

11

autoimmune disorder of unknown cause
small vessel vasculitis in resp tract and kidneys

wegners granulomatosis

12

cANCA positive

wegners granulomatosis

13

most common malignant nose tumour?

squamous cell carcinoma

14

types of benign nose tumour?

squamous papillomas
angiofirbomas

15

nasopharyngeal carcinoma is high where?

far east

16

nasopharyngeal carcinoma is associated with what?

Epstein Barr Virus! (EBV)

17

seen in Hodgkins lymphoma and Burkihs lymphoma

EBV

18

what causes laryngeal polpys?

change in mucosa, secondary to vocal cord abuse , infection and smoking

polpys are unilateral and pedunculated

19

squamous papilloma peak incidencecs?

20

what is squamous papilloma related to?

HPV exposure (type 6 and 11)

21

tumours arising in clusters of neuroendocrine cells dispersed throughout body?

paraganglioma

22

chromaffin postive paraganglioma affects what?

sympathetic nervous sytem- can secrete catecholamines

23

chromaffin negative paraganglioma affects what?

carotid bodies and aortic bodies

24

is squamous cell carcinoma relateed to HPV exposure?

yes- type 16

25

tumours in large glands are likely to be..?

benign

26

tumours in minor glands are likely to be malignant?

yes

27

where is warthins tumour most common? its benign

parotid gland

28

what is otitis media?

inflammation of middle ear

29

cholesteatoma- what can cause this?

chronic otitis media and perforated tympanic membrane

30

normal lining of middle ear?

cuboidal or columnar glandular epithelium

31

associated with vestibular nerve
occur within temporal bone
represnet 80-90% cerebellopontine tumours angle tumours?
95% sporadic an unilateral?

vestibular schwannoma

32

if bilateral vetsibulaer schwannoma and young?

neurofibromatosis type 2

33

cafe au lait spots
axillart freckles
lisch nodules

neurofibromatosis type 2

34

causes of nasal polpys?

infection
allergy
asthma
nickle exposure

35

nasal polpys in young person, what should you consider?

cystic fibrosis

36

autoimmune disorder of unknown cause
small vessel vasculitis in resp tract and kidneys

wegners granulomatosis

37

cANCA positive

wegners granulomatosis

38

most common malignant nose tumour?

squamous cell carcinoma

39

types of benign nose tumour?

squamous papillomas
angiofirbomas

40

nasopharyngeal carcinoma is high where?

far east

41

nasopharyngeal carcinoma is associated with what?

Epstein Barr Virus! (EBV)

42

seen in Hodgkins lymphoma and Burkihs lymphoma

EBV

43

what causes laryngeal polpys?

change in mucosa, secondary to vocal cord abuse , infection and smoking

polpys are unilateral and pedunculated

44

squamous papilloma peak incidencecs?

45

what is squamous papilloma related to?

HPV exposure (type 6 and 11)

46

tumours arising in clusters of neuroendocrine cells dispersed throughout body?

paraganglioma

47

chromaffin postive paraganglioma affects what?

sympathetic nervous sytem- can secrete catecholamines

48

chromaffin negative paraganglioma affects what?

carotid bodies and aortic bodies

49

is squamous cell carcinoma relateed to HPV exposure?

yes- type 16

50

tumours in large glands are likely to be..?

benign

51

tumours in minor glands are likely to be malignant?

yes

52

where is warthins tumour most common? its benign

parotid gland