Patient Teaching, Learning styles, Teacher/Learner relationships Flashcards Preview

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Types of Teaching

Informal
-through general interaction
-purposeful communication
-definite/immediate goal
-asking/answering questions
-Role model

Formal
-planned in advance
-set time and place

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Nursing Process and teaching process

Nursing process
-assessment
-nursing diagnosis
-planning
-implement
-evaluate

Teaching Process
-learning needs
-educational diagnosis
-prepare teaching plan
-implement
-evaluate

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Teaching Process

Assess learning needs
-readiness, motivation, ability, learning environment

Educational diagnosis
-based on 3 domains of learning

Prepare teaching plain:
-establish learning objective
-select content;select teaching strategies

Evaluate/modify

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Learning Needs: Column 2

Crucial to determine "content"
Content based on what the pt needs

Prioritize:
Need to know ->protection, safety, well-being
Nice to know ->comfort and convenience

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Educational Diagnosis

Determining learning needs
Prioritize
Logical sequence
-knowledge deficit
-ineffective coping
-self care deficit
-anxiety
-potential for injury
-ineffective family management of therapeutic regimen

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Learning Goal/Objective: Column 3

Who=mother
does=demonstrates
what=the steps of the baby bath
how=by doing the bath
when before discharge

Mother will demonstrate the steps of a baby bath before discharge

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Plan/Implementation : Column 4

Select strategies that best suit:

Learning objective/goal and domain
content
patient learning style and ability
teacher strengths
reality of the learning situation

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Evaluation and Modification

Did pt achieve the goal?
Measure achievement by: return demonstration, discussion, observation, role play

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Learning Styles

Visual
-if i see it, i learn it

Auditory
-if i hear it, i learn it

Kinesthetic
-if i do it, i learn it

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Cognitive learning styles (kolb)

Accommodators - dynamics (sensors, feelers, doers)
Divergers - imaginative (sensors, feelers, watchers)
Assimilators- Analytical ( thinkers and watcher)
Convergers - common sense (thinkers and doer)

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What is Empowerment

the process of recognizing, promoting, and enhancing people's abilities to meet their own learning needs, solve their own problems and mobilize necessary resources to take control of their lives

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What is advocacy

The fact of informing and supporting a person so they can make the best decisions for themselves

Using skills of teacher, counsellor and leader to protect and support a patient's right

Informing: patient rights, relevant necessary information, ensure patient understands information, provide objective information, understand consequences of their choices

Supporting: reassure that it is their decision to make, remind others of patient's rights, have the right to make "wrong" decision

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Responsibility

A nurse, by entering the profession, voluntarily commits to and assumes professional responsibilities, duties, and rights that are set out by the profession

Reliability and dependability

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Accountability

Being able to accept the responsibility or to account for one's actions and refers to being answerable to someone for something one has done

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Barriers to Teacher/learner relationship

Time, prioritization, confidence, knowledge base, teacher/learner interaction