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Flashcards in Pattern recognition in neurology Deck (22)
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1

Movement disorders affecting the pyramidal/UMN?

Pyramidal weakness

Spasticity

2

Hyperkinetic MD?

Dystonia
Tics
Myoclonus
Chorea
Tremor

Affect basal ganglia

3

Hypokinetic MD?

Parkinsonism

Parkinsons

Affect basal ganglia

4

Features of UMN weakness?

Increased tone
Brisk reflexes
Pyramidal pattern (Weak extensors in arm, flexor in leg)

5

Features of LMN weakness?

Wasting
Fasciulation
Decreased tone
Decreased or absent reflexes

6

Features in muscle disease?

Wasting
Decreased tone
Decreased or absent tendon reflexes

7

Features in NMJ disease?

Fatiguable weakness
Normal/decreased tone
Normal reflexes
No sensory symptoms

8

Features in functional weakness

No wasting
Normal tone
Normal reflexes
Erratic power
Non-anatomical loss

9

Cerebellar signs?

Borad based gait and unsteady

Intention tremor/ataxia

Dysdiadochokinesis- Clumsy fast alternating movements

Nystagmus and dysarthria

10

Extrapyramidal symptoms?

Bradykinesia
Hypomimia
Hypophonia
Reduced arm swing, festination
Assymmetry in PD

11

What is the frontal lobe responsible for?

Personality, executive function

12

Defects that can occur in temporal lobe?

Memory dysfunction
Agnosia
Language
Visual field
Auditory dysfunction

13

Defects that can occur in parietal lobe?

Visual field defect
Sensory dysfunction
Dyspraxia
Innattention

14

Treatment options for Parkinsons?

Levodopa
Dopamine agonist
MAOB inhibitors
Anticholinergics
Amantadine- NMDA antagonist

15

Cardinal features of PD?

Resting tremor
Rigidity
Bradykinesia
Postural instability

Usually assymetrical

16

Cardinal features of MS?

Vision problems
Stiffness
Weakness

Symptoms can worsen with fever or higher temps

17

LMN signs?

Fasciculations
Wasting in groups outside a single myotome

18

UMN signs?

Increased tone
Clonus
Loss of dexterity
Brisk reflexes
Babinski sign

19

Symptoms of lacunar syndromes?

Motor hemiparesis or
pure sensory deficit of one side

20

Symptoms of posterior circulation syndrome

CN palsy
Uni or bilateral motor or sensory deficit
Disorder of conjugate eye movement
Cerebellar dysfunction
Homo hemianopia
Cortical blindness

21

Symptoms of total anterior circulation syndrome?

Hemiplegia and homonymous hemianopia contralateral to lesion
Aphasia or visuospatial disturbance
+/- sensory deficit contralateral to lesion

22

Symptoms of anterior circulation syndrome?

Unilateral motor or sensory, aphasia or visuospatial neglect

Motor or sensory deficit