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Flashcards in peace and conflict Deck (8)
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1

Human rights

basic claims and entitlements that one should be granted on the basis of being a human being. Thought to be the basis for a life of dignity. Essential doctrines, like UDHR have been criticized as having a western bias.

2

Justice

associated with the idea of fairness. The idea of individuals, parties, states or other groups getting what they deserve in response to actions. Just responses may be positive or negative. Decisions of justice can be contested.

3

Equality

All human people and groups have the same value, and deserve access to the same rights.

4

Inequality

a state of affairs where equality is not reached. Often manifests itself through lack of access to resources.

5

peace

Both the absence of conflict, and a state of harmonious affairs. From a liberalist perspective, the ultimate goal of states and organizations. From a realist perspective, a nice aspiration, but unlikely to function well in global political affairs.

6

conflict

The manifestation of actual or perceived opposition between two or more parties. Could be physical or more tension-based. Common sources are positions, interests, values, ideologies etc.

7

violence

Physical or psychological force purposely afflicted upon an individual, group, or being. Could be a physical action taken to hurt another, or restrict their full potential. or could be sustained ignorance of problems.

8

non-violence

The active practice of attempting to limit violence against others. Includes actively opposing the system, fighting to strengthen human rights and drawing attention to violence in order to get higher levels of public attention. More attention leads to a higher chance of positive action, as institutions will attempt not to be seen as illegitimate.