Flashcards in Topic 2 questions Deck (3)
"The Universal Declaration of Human Rights seeks to impose a western view of Human Rights on non-western societies" To what extent do you agree with this criticism?
Religion: UDHR v CDHRI, UNDHR allows for freedom of religion or secularism, CDHRI poses that any attempt to dissuade people from Islam is inadvisable.
counter: freedom of religion still allows for islam, it is not imposing a western view.
individualistic: many of the UDHR clauses adhere to rights of the individual, right to freedom of religion, right to food and water, all classified in terms of the individual. western societies are individualistic, eastern societies tend to be collectivistic.
Counter: there is an argument to be made that western societies are not altogether individualistic. E.g., organization of the EU which focuses on collective good. If western is not inherently individualistic then the individualistic UDHR is not inherently western.
Democracy: the UDHR does prompt many ideals of democracy, freedom of choice of individuals, freedom from oppressive government, right to subjection of fair and even law. Democracy is, to an extent a western concept of society. and to suggest it in a universal declaration which applies to both western and eastern nations would seem to impose a western view over eastern societies.
counter: democracies do appear to be the safest society 'No famine has ever taken place in the history of the world in a functioning democracy.”
–– Amartya Sen, Indian winner of the 1998 Nobel Prize in economics', proposal of their implementation may come from an impartial, non-western concern from right to life rather than a goal to impose westernism.
Compare and contrast an institutional approach to the ratification and enforcement of human rights with non-institutional approaches.