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Flashcards in peds Deck (17)
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1

clinical fx of herpangina

-coxsackie A virus
- painful posterior pharyngeal vesicles

2

clinical fx of aphthous stomatitis

- recurrent ulcers on anterior oral mucosa
- no fever of systemic fx

3

clinical fx of group a streptococcus pharygitis

- tonsillar exudates
- fever, anterior cervical lymphadenopathy

4

clinical fx of infectious mononucleosis (EBV)

- tonsillar exudates
- fever, diffuse cervical lymphadenopathy
- +/- hepatosplenomegaly
- viral exanthema after amoxicillin or ampicillin, usually immune mediated

5

treatment of Infectious mononucleosis

- supportive tx
- sports avoided for splenic rupture

6

treatment of symptomatic ITP in children

- steroids, IVIG

7

clinical fx of tension pneumothorax

- hemodynamic instability
- trachea shifts to opposite side

8

when does stress fracture (seen in runners) show up on x-ray?

- 2-3 weeks after symptoms arise

9

neonatal chlamydial infx (conjunctivitis, pneumonia) sx, mode of transmission, treatment

- thickened injected conjunctivae (chemosis)
- staccato cough, rales, hyperinfalation on chest x-ray, absence of fever
- direct vaginal contact
- oral erythromycin for 14 days

10

features of acute otitis media

- micro: strep pneumo, nontypeable haemophilus influenza (purulent conjunctivitis), moraxella catarrhalis
- middle ear effusion plus bulging tympanic membrane
- initial tx: amoxicillin, 2nd line: amoxicillin-clavulanic acid
- cx: conductive hearing loss, meningitis, mastoiditis

11

Treatment for lyme disease, risk for pregnant ppl

- doxycycline
- for pregnant ladies, amoxicillin or cefuroxime, no risk if treated properly

12

Effects of maternal hyperglycemia on fetus

- macrosomia
- hypocalcemia
- hypoglycemia
- hyperviscosity due to polycythemia
- cardiomyopathy and CHF
- respiratory difficulties

13

atrialized right ventricle in what disease

ebstein's anomaly (mothers who take lithium during pregnancy)

14

Clinical presentation of rubella

- congenital: hearing loss, cataracts, PDA
- children: cephalocaudal spread of rash, fever
- adolescents/adults: same plus arthralgia/arthritis

15

Diagnosis and prevention of rubella

- serology
- live attenuated vaccine

16

Isolated alk phos elevation with normal LFT in pt with sarcoidosis is likely what disease?

granulomatous disease

17

fussy baby, first time parents, no close family support. Likely diagnosis and common finding?

shaken baby syndrome
retinal hemorrhages