Flashcards in Pelvic Infection Deck (17)
What is PID?
Infection of the upper female genital tract: cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries.
What does infection of the cervix cause?
What is the common progression from salpingitis?
Salpingitis (fallopian tubes) usually co-occurs with endometritis. Infection may spread to the ovaries (oophoritis) and then peritoneum (peritonitis).
What is the aetiology of PID?
Microorganisms ascending from vagina and cervix into endometrium and fallopian tubes. Common organisms:
What are the RFx for PID?
-Presence of bacterial vaginosis or any STD
-multiple or new partners
What are the signs and symptoms of PID?
-Lower abdo pain
-abnormal uterine bleeding
esp during or after menses
What are the signs and symptoms of cervicitis?
-Cervix red and bleeds easily
(usually yellow green)
What are the signs and symptoms of acute salpingitis?
-lower abdo pain
-N/V (with severe pain)
-Irregular bleeding (due to endometritis)
-cervical motion tenderness
-dyspareunia / dysuria (rare)
Which is more severe: PID due to chlamydia or gonorrhoea?
Gonorrhoea usually more symptomatic and clinically apparent. Chlamydia indolent.
What may result following acute gonoccocal or chlamydial salpingitis?
- Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome (perihepatitis causing RUQ pain)
- Chronic infection (intermittent exacerbations and remissions)
- Tubo-ovarian abscess
- Tubal scarring / adhesions: chronic pain, infertility, increased risk of ectopic
How may tubo-ovarian abscess present?
q- Pain, fever, peritonism
- Adnexal mass palpable
- Extreme tenderness
- Rupture (severe symptoms and septic shock)
What is hydrosalpinx?
Fimbrial obstruction and tubal distension with non purulent fluid.
When should PID be considered?
Women of reproductive age with:
- lower abdo pain
- cervical / unexplained discharge
- Ireggular bleeding
Investigation of suspected PID?
-PCR (gon and chlam)
- US if tenderness limited PEx
Why should US be performed if patient does not respond to ABx in 48h?
- tubo ovarian abscess
- ectopic pregnancy
- adnexal torsion
F/u laparoscopy if US neg
How should patients who do not respond to first line (clam and gon) treatment be managed?
Consider PID due to M. genitalium. Treat empirically with moxifloxacin 400mg PO OD for 10 days.