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Flashcards in Pelvic Limb Deck (70)
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1

Sublumbar muscles

Iliopoas (Iliacus + Psoas major); Sartorius (cranial part); Rectus femoris (of quadriceps muscle); Tensor fascia lata

2

Function of sublumbar muscles

flexors of hip

3

Iliopsoas

F: flex hip
O: ventral ilium & transverse processes of lumbar vertebrae
I: lesser trochanter of femur

4

Sartorius (cranial part)

F: flex hip
O: tuber coxae
I: tibial crest

5

Rectus femoris (of quadriceps muscle)

F: flex hip
O: ilium
I: tibial tuberosity

6

Tensor fascia lata

F: flex hip; extends stifle
O: tuber coxae
I: (aponeurosis) lateral femoral fascia, patella, & lateral tibial crest

7

Dorsolateral muscles

Superficial Gluteus; Middle Gluteus; Deep Gluteus; Piriformis

8

Function of dorsolateral muscles

extensors of hip

9

Superficial gluteus

F: extends hip; abducts limb
O: sacrococcygeal fascia
I: proximal part of femur

10

Middle gluteus

F: extends hip; abducts & retracts limb
O: ilium crest & sacrum tuberosity
I: greater trochanter of femur

11

Deep gluteus

F: extends hip; abducts & retracts limb
O: shaft & wing of ilium
I: greater trochanter of femur

12

Caudodorsal muscles of hip

Quadratus Femoris; Gemelli; Obturator Internus; Obturator Externus

13

Function of caudodorsal muscles of hip

outward rotators of hip

14

Quadratus Femoris

F: outward rotator of hip
O: ventral surface of caudal ischium
I: trochanteric fossa

15

Gemelli

F: outward rotator of hip
O: lateral surface of ischium
I: trochanteric fossa

16

Obturator Internus

F: outward rotator of hip
O: medial to obturator foramen
I: trochanteric fossa

17

Obturator Externus

F: outward rotator of hip
O: ventral aspect of ischium & pubis
I: trochanteric fossa

18

Note on tendon of Obturator Internus

as it leaves the pelvic cavity, it is supported by a bursa
runs over gemelli
anchorage point during repair of perineal hernia

19

Medial group of muscles

Gracilis; Sartorius (Caudal part); Pectineus; Adductor muscle (magnus, brevis, & longus

20

Function of medial group of muscles

adductors of the thigh

21

Gracilis

F: adducts thigh
O: pelvic symphysis
I: cranial tibia/ calcanean tuberosity

22

Sartorius (Caudal part)

F: adducts thigh
O: tuber coxae
I: cranial part of tibia

23

Pectineus

F: adducts thigh
O: iliopubic eminence/ pubic tubercle
I: medial femoral condyle of femur & medial popliteal part of distal femur

24

Adductor muscle

F: adducts thigh
O: (aponeurosis) pelvic symphysis & ischiatic arch
I: lateral proximal part of femur

25

Note on Gracilis tendon

joins w/ Biceps Femoris & Semitendinosus tendons to form the calcanean tendon

26

Caudal group muscles of the thigh

Sacrotuberous ligament; Biceps Femoris (Cranial & Caudal parts); Semimembranosus; Semitendinosus

27

Function of caudal group muscles of the thigh

extensors of the hip
extensors of stifle & hock during weight bearing
flexors of stifle during NON-weight bearing

28

Sacrotuberous ligament

F: extends hip; extends stifle & hock during weight bearing; flexes stifle during non-weight bearing
O: sacrum & coccygeal vertebrae 1
I: ischiatic tuberosity

29

Biceps Femoris cranial part

F: extends hip; extends stifle & hock during weight bearing; flexes stifle during non-weight bearing; abducts limb
O: STL & ischiatic tuberosity
I: (aponeurosis) to patella (fasciae lata & crural fascia), cranial tibia/ calcanean tuberosity

30

Biceps Femoris caudal part

F: extends hip; extends stifle & hock during weight bearing; flexes stifle during non-weight bearing; abducts limb
O: STL & ischiatic tuberosity
I: (aponeurosis) to patella (fasciae lata & crural fascia), cranial tibia/ calcanean tuberosity