Pelvis/LE - Pathologies Flashcards Preview

Clinical Anatomy - Pelvis/LE > Pelvis/LE - Pathologies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pelvis/LE - Pathologies Deck (21):
1

Pediatric Hip Pathologies (4)

hip dysplasia
Legg-Calve-Perthes
SCFE
transient synovitis

2

Hip Dysplasia

congenital dislocation of hips
most common in babies - 2 years
sockets not deep enough
more likely to develop OA later in life

3

Legg-Calve-Perthes Syndrome

avascular necrosis of head of femur in children and adolescents
blood supply hasn't caught up to bone growth

4

SCFE

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
head of femur in place but rest of femur moves most common in young males of African or Pacific Island descent

5

Transient Synovitis

brief inflammation of hip joint
child develops sudden painful limp overnight often accompanied by fever
should clear up with tylenol in a couple of days

6

OA

osteoarthritis
wear and tear arthritis

7

Osteoporosis

demineralization of bone
most common in older females
visible in femoral neck and T-spine

8

ORIF

Open Reduction Internal Fixation
fracture fix in femur

9

THA

Total Hip Arthroplasty (replacement)
for OA

10

Coxa Vara

angle of inclination decreased
causes genu valgum

11

Coxa Valga

angle of inclination increased
causes genu varum

12

Bursitis

inflammation of bursa

13

TKA

Total Knee Arthroplasty
take off distal part of femur and proximal tibia
no more cruciate ligaments

14

Pediatric Patellar Dislocation

congenital
patella dislocates/subluxes off track

15

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

aka Jumper's Knee
inflammation of patellar ligament at the tibial tuberosity, characterized by painful lump just below the knee
overuse injury most common in adolescents

16

Terrible Triad

ACL, MCL, and medial meniscus tears

17

Meniscal Tears

more likely to heal red zone tears (outer third) without surgery
white zone tears usually need help healing (no blood supply)

18

Genu Valgum

knock-kneed

19

Genu Varum

bowlegged

20

Piriformis Syndrome

sciatic nerve runs through the muscle

21

Trendelenburg Pattern

compensation for superior gluteal nerve and gluteus medius inability to stabilize pelvis
(+ Trendelenburg test = opposite hip drop)