Pelvis/LE - Posterior Compartment Muscles Flashcards Preview

Clinical Anatomy - Pelvis/LE > Pelvis/LE - Posterior Compartment Muscles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pelvis/LE - Posterior Compartment Muscles Deck (39):
1

Gastrocnemius (lateral head) - O

lateral aspect of lateral condyle of femur

2

Gastrocnemius (medial head) - O

popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle

3

Gastrocnemius - I

posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon

4

Gastrocnemius - N

tibial nerve

5

Gastrocnemius - A

ankle plantarflexion when knee extended raises heel during walking knee flexion

6

Soleus - O

head of fibula and superior quarter of posterior surface of fibula

7

Soleus - I

posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon

8

Soleus - N

tibial nerve

9

Soleus - A

ankle plantarflexion steadies leg on foot

10

Plantaris - O

lateral supracondylar line of femur

11

Plantaris - I

posterior surface of calcaneus via calcaneal tendon

12

Plantaris - N

tibial nerve

13

Plantaris - A

weak assist gastroc in ankle plantarflexion function mainly proprioception

14

Popliteus - O

lateral condyle of femur

15

Popliteus - I

posterior surface of tibia

16

Popliteus - N

tibial nerve

17

Popliteus - A

weak knee flexion unlocks knee by laterally rotating femur on fixed tibia or medially rotation tibia on unplanted limb

18

Flexor hallucis longus - O

inferior 2/3 of posterior surface of fibula and inferior part of interosseous membrane

19

Flexor hallucis longus - I

base of distal phalanx of great toe (hallux)

20

Flexor hallucis longus - N

tibial nerve

21

Flexor hallucis longus - A

great toe flexion weak ankle plantarflexion supports medial longitudinal arch

22

Flexor digitorum longus - O

posterior surface of tibia

23

Flexor digitorum longus - I

bases of distal phalanges of lateral four digits

24

Flexor digitorum longus - N

tibial nerve

25

Flexor digitorum longus - A

lateral four digit flexion ankle plantarflexion supports longitudinal arches

26

Tibialis posterior - O

interosseous membrane and posterior surface of tibia

27

Tibialis posterior - I

navicular and bases of 2nd-4th

28

Tibialis posterior - N

tibial nerve

29

Tibialis posterior - A

ankle plantarflexion foot inversion supports medial longitudinal arch

30

Superficial Muscles of Posterior Compartment

gastrocnemius soleus plantaris

31

Deep Muscles of Posterior Compartment

popliteus flexor hallucis longus flexor digitorum longus tibialis posterior

32

Tom Dick and Harry

Tibialis posterior flexor Digitorum longus flexor Hallucis longus medial side anterior to posterior

33

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gastrocnemius

34

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soleus

35

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plantaris

36

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popliteus

37

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flexor hallucis longus

38

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flexor digitorum longus

39

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tibialis posterior