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Music 162 Midterm 1 > People > Flashcards

Flashcards in People Deck (30):
1

James Gideon Tanner

Role: Violinist, leader of the Skillet Lickers
Genre: Southern String Band
Location: Georgia
Decade(s): 1920s
Song(s): Soldier's Joy
Contribution: First southern string band, Colombia Record's first successful hillbilly act

2

Tommy Jarrell

Role: Old-time fiddler and banjo player
Genre: Old-time Appalachian music
Location: North Carolina
Decade(s): 1980s
Song(s): Soldier's Joy
Contribution: Recorded solo performance of this song

3

Dink Roberts

Role: Banjo player & vocalist
Genre: African-American songster banjo music
Location: North Carolina
Decade(s): 1970s
Song(s): Coo Coo
Contribution: Showcased African-American influence on banjo music, representative of "songster" pre-blues tradition

4

Lightning Washington

Role: Prison songleader
Genre: Work songs
Location: Texas
Decade(s): 1930s
Song(s): Long John
Contribution: Performed work songs with fellow prisoners

5

Mississippi John Hurt

Role: Guitarist & vocalist
Genre: African-American songster music
Location: Mississippi
Decade(s): 1960s
Song(s): Stagolee
Contribution: Helped further folk music revival, demonstrated blend of European and African American elements

6

George Washington Dixon

Role: Entertainer
Genre: Blackface entertainer
Location: New York City
Decade(s): 1830s-1850s
Song(s): ?
Contribution: First white performer to become popular blackface entertainer

7

Thomas Dartmouth "Daddy" Rice

Role: Entertainer
Genre: Minstrel performer
Location: New York City
Decade(s): 1830s-1850s
Song(s): Jim Crow
Contribution: Demonstrated profitability of minstrelsy with his hit song Jim Crow (1829), first international American song hit

8

Stephen Collins Foster

Role: Composer
Genre: Minstrel songs, Parlor songs
Location: Pittsburgh (born)
Decade(s): 1840s-1860s
Song(s): Oh! Susanna, Jeannie with the Light Brown Hair, et al.
Contribution: First important composer of American popular song

9

John Philip Sousa

Role: Bandleader
Genre: Brass band music
Location: Touring band
Decade(s): 1890s-WWI
Song(s): "Stars and Stripes Forever", et al.
Contribution: America's "March King", the most popular bandleader of the era

10

Paul Dresser

Role: Songwriter
Genre: early Tin Pan Alley, Parlor Song
Location: Tin Pan Alley
Decade(s): 1880s-1900s
Song(s): "On the Banks of Wabash, Far Away", et al.
Contribution: One of the most important composers of early Tin Pan Alley

11

Harry von Tilzer

Role: Songwriter
Genre: early Tin Pan Alley, Parlor Song
Location: Tin Pan Alley
Decade(s): 1900s-1910s?
Song(s): "A Bird in a Gilded Cage", et al.
Contribution: "Daddy of Popular Song", calculating composer who kept tunes to a limited range for maximal success

12

James A. Bland

Role: Songwriter
Genre: Plantation songs
Location: ?
Decade(s): 1870s
Song(s): "Carry me Back to Old Virginny", et al.
Contribution: First successful black songwriter. Criticized for pandering to black stereotypes

13

Charles K. Harris

Role: Banjo player
Genre: Popular song
Location: Wisconsin (born)
Decade(s): 1890s
Song(s): After the Ball
Contribution: Wrote "After the Ball", first mega-hit pop song. Was performed by Sousa maximizing popularity

14

Scott Joplin

Role: Composer, pianist
Genre: Ragtime
Location: Missouri
Decade(s): 1890s-1910s
Song(s): Maple Leaf Rag, et al.
Contribution: The best-known composer of ragtime music, was an African American.

15

Vernon and Irene Castle

Role: Dancers
Genre: Ballroom dance, tango
Location: New York City
Decade(s): 1910s
Contribution: Biggest superstars around WWI, changed the course of social dance in America

16

James Reese Europe

Role: Pianist, conductor of the Society Orchestra
Genre: Dance music
Location: New York City
Decade(s): 1910s
Song(s): Castle House Rag
Contribution: Wrote dance music for the Castles, dreamed of forming black symphony orchestra

17

Nick LaRocca

Role: Composer, leader of Original Dixieland Jazz Band (ODJB)
Genre: Jazz
Location: New Orleans
Decade(s): 1918
Song(s): Tiger Rag
Contribution: Performed first jazz recording

18

King Joe Oliver

Role: Cornetist, leader of Creole Jazz Band
Genre: Jazz
Location: New Orleans
Decade(s): 1920s
Song(s): Dipper Mouth Blues
Contribution: Unique wah-wah playing style, mentor of Louis Armstrong

19

Noble Sissle and Eubie Blake

Role: Songwriters
Genre: Jazz-influenced Broadway musicals
Location: Broadway
Decade(s): 1910s
Song(s): Shuffle Along (show)
Contribution: Began career with James Reese Europe, launched first all-black Broadway musical Shuffle ALong

20

Paul Whiteman

Role: Bandleader of the Ambassador Orchestra
Genre: Symphonic Jazz
Location: New York City
Decade(s): 1920s
Song(s): "Whispering", et al.
Contribution: Dubbed "King of Jazz", controversial title since African-Americans invented the genre. Influential leader of most successful dance band of the 20s.

21

Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington

Role: Pianist, bandleader of the Washingtonians
Genre: 1920s-30s
Location: Cotton Club (Harlem)
Decade(s): Jazz-influenced African-American dance band, "jungle music"
Song(s): East St. Louis Toodle-oo
Contribution: One of the most important American musicians of the 20th century. Created "jungle music" style, dense textures and muted brass

22

James "Bubber" Miley

Role: Trumpeter
Genre: Jazz-influenced dance music
Location: Cotton Club (Harlem)
Decade(s): 1920s
Song(s): East St. Louis Toodle-oo
Contribution: Influenced by King Joe Oliver's playing style, performed with Duke Ellington in the Washingtonians and co-wrote East St. Louis Toodle-oo.

23

Justo "Don" Azpiazu

Role: Bandleader
Genre: Cuban dance band
Location: New York City
Decade(s): 1930s
Song(s): El Manisero
Contribution: Gave America first authentic Cuban music. El Manisero's performance was a "pregon", based on Havana street vendor calls.

24

Irving Berlin

Role: Songwriter
Genre: Tin Pan Alley, ragtime-influenced pop songs, broadway, film scores
Location: Tin Pan Alley
Decade(s): 1910s-1960s
Song(s): "Blue Skies", "White Christmas", et al.
Contribution: Most productive & varied Tin Pan Alley songwriter.

25

Cole Porter

Role: Songwriter
Genre: Tin Pan Alley
Location: Tin Pan Alley
Decade(s): 1920s-30s
Song(s): Kiss Me Kate (show), et al.
Contribution: One of the major songwriters for the Broadway musical stage.

26

George Gershwin

Role: Songwriter, pianist
Genre: Tin Pan Alley, Broadway
Location: Tin Pan Alley
Decade(s): 1910s-30s
Song(s): Rhapsody in Blue, I Got Music, et al.
Contribution: Bridged gulf between art music and pop music. Interest in African-American Jazz influenced "I Got Music". Paul Whiteman commissioned Rhapsody in Blue from him.

27

Al Jolson

Role: Singer, performer
Genre: Minstrelsy, Vaudeville, Tin Pan Alley, Broadway, Hollywood
Location: Tin Pan Alley
Decade(s): 1910s-1930s
Song(s): The Jazz Singer (movie), April Showers
Contribution: Career overlapped vaudeville and new 1920s media. Starred in first talking picture, The Jazz Singer.

28

Gene Austin

Role: Singer
Genre: Tin Pan Alley, crooner
Location: Tin Pan Alley
Decade(s): 1920s
Song(s): "My Blue Heaven"
Contribution: One of the first crooners, sung "My Blue Heaven", the bestselling record of its era

29

Bing Crosby

Role: Singer
Genre: Tin Pan Alley, crooner
Location: Tin Pan Alley
Decade(s): 1930s
Song(s): "How Deep is the Ocean?"
Contribution: The most popular representative of the crooner style.

30

Ira Gershwin

Role: Lyricist
Genre: Tin Pan Alley
Location: Tin Pan Alley
Decade(s): 1920s-30s
Song(s): I Got Music
Contribution: Wrote lyrics for George Gershwin's songs.