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Music 162 Midterm 1 > Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Terms Deck (25):
1

artists & repertoire (A&R)

record companies' talent scouts

2

bridge

B section of the AABA refrain

3

cadence

musical progression at the end of a phrase

4

conjuntos

Mexican-influenced music born out of 19th century Texas, often using the accordion

5

strophic form

the whole song is sung to the same music

6

verse-chorus form

verse alternates with repeating chorus (same words, music)

7

AABA form

made up of 4 sections of equal length in an AABA pattern, one unit comprises a refrain

8

ABA'C form

found in April Showers by Al Jolson, a verse-refrain song with ABA'C refrains

9

"freak" dances

turkey trot and tango, new 1910s dance forms

10

hook

a memorable phrase or riff

11

microphone

invented in 1925, changed recording technology

12

montuno

fast, improvised section of Cuban music

13

phonograph

invented in 1877 by Edison

14

pregon

Variant of the Cuban "son", vocal improvisation modeled on Havana street vendor calls

15

radio network

commercial radio emerged in 1906, began competing with the record industry

16

refrain

made up of 4 sections of equal length in an AABA pattern

17

release

a synonym for the bridge (B section) of an AABA pattern

18

soli section

section of a Jazz band song where all horns play the melody together in harmony

19

sound film

emerged in the 1920s (The Jazz Singer)

20

standards

songs that have remained in active circulation, originating in the Tin Pan Alley era

21

stoptime

musical sequence where the band stops for a few beats and one instrument plays a brief solo

22

strophes

sections of a musical piece

23

verse-refrain

verse sets up dramatic context before AABA refrains

24

up-tempo

A song style similar to slow ballads in following a verse-refrain AABA style, but dissimilar from ballads in containing a heavy African-American, jazz-influenced flavor. Originated in Tin Pan Alley.

25

mariachi

"marriage" music - one of the social events at which mariachi bands perform