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Flashcards in People Deck (21)
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1

Jacob of Voragine

archbishop of Genoa, focus on humanizing saintly figures

2

Calimala

major family/guild of wool/textiles

3

Camaldolese

mystical Benedictine order

4

Vasari

first art historian. Hated "Greek" and "German" (Byzantine and Gothic) art. Basically determined which artists would be important and which wouldn't be.

5

Cimabue

(1240-1302) improved on Byzantine art. Focused on nature/naturalism

6

Giotto

(1266-1337) EMPATHY

7

Duccio

Cimabue of Siena. Embraced international gothic. Mixing pigment

8

Simone Martini

heavily influenced by French art

9

Lorenzetti Bros.

combines Simone Martini's international Gothic with Giotto's naturalism. They focus on spacial continuity

10

Donatello

the science of the eye

11

Nicola Pisano

continous narrative. heavily influenced by classical Roman art and scultpture

12

Giovanni Pisano

International Gothic

13

Lorenzo Monaco

paints Gothic style inspite of naturalistic pressure in Florence

14

Gentile da Fabriano

naturalistic effort with depth and space, but uses international gothic influences. Varieta

15

Brunelleschi

crowns the Duomo using architectural techniques based heavily on ancient Rome while using similar concepts as Gothic. brings rationality and order back to architecture.

16

Alberti

Classical Order. Understands the theory of beauty and harmony. Father of perspective. Defines Istoria

17

Ghiberti

extremely important. reintroduces the heroic nude. uses modular space for the first time

18

Masaccio

introduces the first cast shadow. natural light. begins using perspective as a story telling tool

19

Masolino

lack of continuity in space

20

Uccello

let the math of perspective overtake the whole piece

21

Fra. Angelico

the beauty of faith. introduces the idea of sacra conversazione.