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Flashcards in Vocab Deck (31)
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1

commune

city-state instead of the old feudal system in Italy. Leads to political participation (oligrachy)

2

maniera

"manner", style of painting. Vasari talks about grace/beauty

3

mendicants

religious order that relies on donations and owns no property

4

predella

foot panel

5

chrysography

gold in paintings, primarily in Byzantine pieces

6

grisaille

paintings that use variations of gray

7

cangianti

type of painting method that uses lighter/darker hues when original color can not be lighter/darker

8

Pseudo-Kufic

common use of fake Arabic in paintings

9

Pieta

common theme in Christian art depicting the Virgin cradling the dead body of Christ

10

Maesta

"majesty", theme of depicting the Madonna and baby Jesus on the throne

11

Palladium

safeguard or source of protection (Siena's palladium is the Virgin)

12

memento mori

a sentiment/reminder of death

13

mandorla

oval shape encircling the entire body of Christ

14

contrapposto

natural posture of the human body in comparison to the gothic S-curve

15

varieta

variety, an important part of Istoria

16

humanism

academic preoccupation that focuses on Ero book culture, Greek Latin; focus on liberal arts based on antiquity

17

Classical Orders

5: tuscan, doric, ionic, corinthian, composite

18

paragone

struggle, confrontation; big part of ren. art culture, seen as an intellectual engine

19

Giudizio dell’Occhio

judgement of the eye

20

Rilievo schiacciato

half measure of perspective

21

aerial perspective

hazy tinge; fading out

22

Chiaroscuro

contrapposto of color; the juxtaposition of light and dark

23

Skenographia

shadow painting

24

Commentator figure

a character that engages the viewer with the piece; taken from the ancient theatre tradition

25

Istoria

Alberti; narrative image

26

Varietà

variety

27

Copia

copiousness

28

Gratia

grace

29

Concinnitas

harmony

30

Hortus conclusus

garden that represents Mary’s virginity; connects the Virgin and Christ as the second Adam and Eve