Flashcards in Period 1/2: 1491-1754 (Chapters 1-3) Deck (100):
Contact between Europeans and the natives of America touched off a trans-atlantic trade in animals, plants, and germs
King Ferdinand and Isabelle
Isabelle (queen of Castille) and ferndinand (king of Argon) fought against moors 1492
built an empire
funded by Isabelle and Ferdinand to find India
launch of Granada
Power to the Roman Catholics
An island where the first fort built by Columbus stood. It was named Fort Navidad.
Treaty of Tordesillas
moved the demarcation line a couple degrees to the left
Northern European countries revolt against the Pope
lived as a monk, was the best monk they had ever seen, but saw no sign of salvation, realized that there was a separation from god and the church, separated from the church, caused the revolution (prodestant)
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
Drove to protestant religious motivation and thus the creation of Massachusetts Bay
That god has selected those who will be saved even before they are born
Henry VIII and Church of England
breaks away from the church
Queen Elizabeth (1558-1603)
pirated spanish ships
Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruña in August 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade England.
Was defeated by Englands army
The (Catholic) Counter Reformation
The Counter-Reformation (also the Catholic Revival or Catholic Reformation) was the period of Catholic resurgence beginning with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and ending at the close of the Thirty Years' War (1648), and was initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation.
Council of Trent
King James I
English Civil War
in response to the triangular trade
Charles II implemented these in 1660
William of Orange and Mary
English Bill of Rights
helped start the scientific revolution
wrote a book describing the potential of the human brain (showing that it is our job to fill our brains with knowledge (not predestined))
1607 virginia Company
charter of King James
1618 in Jamestown, Virginia. It was used as a way to attract new settlers to the region and address the labor shortage. With the emergence of tobacco farming, a large supply of workers was needed. New settlers who paid their way to Virginia received 50 acres of land.
Virginia House of Burgesses
wealthy land owners chose representatives to go to James Town
Bacon's Rebellion (1676)
Mostly White labor force (servants) in Chesapeake but with this Blacks become the worker of choice
mainly white servants into 1700
The Puritans were a group of English Reformed Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England from all Roman Catholic practices, maintaining that the Church of England was only partially reformed.
Begining of the constitution
Bradford, Standish, and Winthrop-
English Puritan lawyer
founding of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the first major settlement in what is now New England after Plymouth Colony.
His writings and vision of the colony as a Puritan "city upon a hill" dominated New England colonial development, influencing the governments and religions of neighboring colonies.
City Upon a Hill
English Protestant theologian who was an early proponent of religious freedom and the separation of church and state. In 1636, he began the colony of Providence Plantation, which provided a refuge for religious minorities. Williams started the first Baptist church in America, the First Baptist Church of Providence.
Williams was also a student of Native American languages, an early advocate for fair dealings with Native Americans, and arguably the first abolitionist in North America, having organized the first attempt to prohibit slavery in any of the British American colonies.
Rhode Island Colony
The land that became the English Colony was first home to the Narragansett, as well as some other Native American tribes such as the Nipmuc. European contact began by the Dutch, and was initially claimed by the Colony of New Netherlands. English settlement along the Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth Colony. Once the English claimed the area of New England, Dutch influence was particularly withdrawn from the area, though still remained after that; arguably through the name Roode Eysland, which was later anglicized to Rhode Island. Rhode Island was founded by Roger Williams in 1636-
Anne Hutchinson, born Anne Marbury (1591–1643), was a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638. Her strong religious convictions were at odds with the established Puritan clergy in the Boston area, and her popularity and charisma helped create a theological schism that threatened to destroy the Puritans' religious experiment in New England. She was eventually tried and convicted, then banished from the colony with many of her supporters.
Antinomianism, which means "against the law," was a centuries-old heresy whose basic tenet held that Christians were not bound by traditional moral law, particularly that of the Old Testament. Instead, man could be guided by an inner light that would reveal the proper forms of conduct.
The Half-Way Covenant was a form of partial church membership created by New England in 1662. It was promoted in particular by the Reverend Solomon Stoddard, who felt that the people of the English colonies were drifting away from their original religious purpose.
Massachusetts Bay Company
created because of English Civil war, more then 15,000 people came
Heavily Dependent on Slaves
South Carolina Slave Codes
White population was depudised to control the slaves. Became White vs. Black like never before.
Penal Colony established to empty the Jails in England (people who were in debt were criminals)
Founder of Georgia (penal colony)
Queen Anne's War
Treaty of Utrecht
Stono Rebellion of 1739
20 slaves armed themselves and killed, burned, and began a march towards Florida (seeking freedom)
Made Slave Codes even harsher
Happened centuries before the colonial history
John Locke and Isaac Newton
questioned all of these things and led to the beginning of the scientific revolution
late 1600s- 1700s
Came before the Great Awakening
Deism and Ben Franklin
to Observe, Collect, and Utilize information
Success is self perpetuated
The belief that God has created the universe but remains apart from it and permits his creation to administer itself through natural laws. Deism thus rejects the supernatural aspects of religion, such as belief in revelation in the Bible, and stresses the importance of ethical conduct.
Almanac, brings scientific thinking and religion together, implemented the ideas of Reason, Data, and Improving upon ones life.
The Great Awakening
George Whitfield, New lights vs. Old Lights
came after the Enlightenment
Ministers of the Prodestant Church who delivered their sermons through more animated, performed manners
farmers used it, helped Enlightenment, made farmers think scientifically
A colony under direct control of the King's government
A joint-stock company
Helped to create Jamestown (first permanent English Colony)
When a civil war in England in the 1630's drove more than 15,000 settlers to the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Brought African slaves to Americas because the native work force had been wiped out by disease
Spanish had to pay a tax to their king for each slave they imported to the Americas
panish King would give grants of land and natives to individual Spaniards
traditional/orthodox minister of the Protestant church
official in Georgia, both Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, and a part of New York; liked because sermons were shorter, descriptions of hell less frightening, and amusements were less scorned
preached in field or streets
was kicked out of England because of his progressive ideas
didn't need a church to preach
known for his powerful, yet pleasant voice (spoke to 1000's
of people without a microphone); 4/5 of American population heard him speak at least once; always preaching
did not like the enlightenment because he thought that know could not replace god
A vast empire in South America
Heavily Dependent on Potatoes
Eve of Columbus Exchange
Spain/Portugal/European competition to colonies
Martin Luther creates his own religion
Elizabeth the first starts the Anglican Church
defeat the spanish Armada
Founding of James Town
"The Kings overseeing over the Colonies"
Civil War: (parliament vs. the supporters of the king)
Oliver Cronwell (the protector)
Charles I son is crowned (Charles II)
tried to be the Absolute Monarch
Baptized his son (James II) as a catholic
is thrown out of England
French Exploration Claims
1524 interests in exploration
Dutch Exploration Claims
founded hudson after explorer Henry Hudson
1609 Dutch Explorer
Spanish Settlement in North America
Florida, New Mexico, Texas, California
Bartolome de la Casas
Spanish priest who fought for the rights of the Natives
laws of 1542
Laws of 1542
helped to protect end Indian Slavery and began to end the economienda system
Casas vs. Juan Gines de Sepuvelda
Original English/ native policy
coexisted, but soon were driven away by the savage ways