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Anatomy Module 5 > Peritoneum > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peritoneum Deck (47):
1

Glistening, slippery, transparent serous membrae that lines the abdominal pelvic cavity and invests the viscera

Peritoneum

2

Two layersof peritoneum

Visceral and parietal

3

Both layers contains a layer of simple squamous cells known as what?

Mesothelium

4

Peritoneum that lines the internal wall of abdominal and pelvic cavities

Parietal

5

Peritoneum that is sensitive to pain, pressure heat, cold, and laceration

Parietal

6

Pain in parietal peritoneum is generally localized except where? And why?

Inferior surface of the central diaphragm - supplied by the phrenic nerve

7

Irritation in the inferior surface of the diaphragm is referred to what dermatome levels?

C3-C5 dermatome levels over the shoulder

8

Peritoneum that invests the organs

Visceral

9

Pain in the visceral peritoneum is poorly localized and is referred to what dermatome levels

Dermatomes of spinal ganglia (sensory)

10

Peritoneum that is stimulated by stretching and chemical irritation

Visceral

11

Infection and inflammation of the peritoneum due to trauma or rupture of the gut

Peritonitis

12

Where is the peritoneum and viscera located

Abdominal cavity

13

When an organ is almost totally covered with visceral peritoneum?? Give examples.

Intraperitoneal - stomach, spleen

14

Organs that lie behind the peritoneum and is partially covered with visceral peritoneum

Retroperitoneal - kidneys

15

Cavity that lies within abdominal cavity and continues inferiorly into the pelvic cavity

Peritoneal cavity

16

Potential space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum

Peritoneal cavity

17

Does the peritoneal cavity contains organs?

No. But it contains peritoneal fluid

18

Why are females more prone to infection in their peritoneal cavity than males?

Peritoneal cavity is completely closed in males. In females, it has communication with uterine tubes, uterine cavity and vagina.

19

Lubricates the peritoneal surface and allows viscera to move over each other and the movements of digestion

Peritoneal fluid

20

Extends from the diaphragm down to the pelvis

Greater sac

21

Permits free movement of the stomach and lies posterior to it

Lesser sac or Omental bursa

22

Allows communication between the greater and lesser sac

Epiploic/Omental foramen or Foramen of Winslow

23

Divides the abdominal cavity into supracolic and infracolic compartment

Transverse mesocolon

24

Supracolic compartment contains what organs?

Stomach, liver, spleen

25

Infracolic compartment contains what organs

Small intestines, ascending and descending colon

26

Infracolic compartment is divided into right and left spaces by what?

Mesentery of the small intestine

27

Grooves between the lateral aspect of the ascending or descending colon and the posteroabdominal wall

Paracolic gutters

28

Two-layered fold of peritoneum connecting parts of the intestines to posterior abdominal wall

Mesentery

29

Allows neurovascular communication between the organ and body wall

Mesentery

30

Give the different mesenteries

Mesentery of small intestine
Transverse mesocolon
Sigmoid mesocolon
Mesoappendix
Mesogastrium
Mesoesophagus

31

Two-layered folds of peritoneum that connects the stomach to other abdominal organs

Omenta

32

Connects the greater curvature of the stomach to transverse mesoclon and hangs down like an apron

Greater omentum

33

Cushions the abdominal organs against injury and forms insulation against the loss of body heat

Greater omentum

34

Connects the lesser curvature of the stomach and proximal part of the duodenum to the liver

Lesser omentum

35

Areas not covered of peritoneum to allow entrance and exit of neurovascular structures

Bare areas

36

Double layer of peritoneum that connects an organ with another organ or to the abdominal wall

Peritoneal ligaments

37

Connects stomach to spleen

Gastrosplenic

38

Connects stomach to inferior surface of diaphragm

Gastrophenic

39

Connects stomach to transverse colon

Gastrocolic

40

Connects liver to anterior abdominal wall

Falciform

41

Connects liver to stomach

Hepatogastric

42

Connects liver to duodenum

Hepatoduodenal

43

Membranous part of the lesser omentum

Hepatogastric

44

Thickened free edge of the lesser omentum

Hepatoduodenal

45

Reflection of peritoneum that is raised from the body wall by underlying blood vessels, ducts, and ligaments

Peritoneal fold

46

Pouch of peritoneum formed by peritoneal fold

Peritoneal recess

47

Fat-filled appendages of peritoneum on various parts of the colon.

Appendices epiplocae