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Anatomy Module 5 > Stomach > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stomach Deck (35):
0

Occupies the epigastric and umbilical regions

Stomach

1

On which the stomach rests in the supine position

Bed of the stomach

2

Chief function of the stomach

Enzymatic digestion

3

The weight of food that the stomach can hold

2-3 L

4

Longitudinal ridges or wrinkles in the stomach

Gastric folds or ruggae

5

Temporary groove or furrow-like that forms between gastric folds during swallowing

Gastric canal

6

Superior opening or inlet of the stomach

Cardia -- surrounds cardial orifice

7

Dilated superior part of the stomach that may be dilated by gas, fluid and food

Fundus

8

Lies between esophagus and fundus

Cardial notch

9

Lies between the fundus and pyloric antrum

Body of the stomach

10

Funnel shaped outflow region of the stomach

Pylorus
Pyloric canal - narrow part
Pyloric antrum - wide part

11

Cavity of the pylorus

Pyloric canal

12

Marked thickening of the circular layer of smooth muscle that controls the outflow of gastric contents into the duodenum

Pyloric sphincter

13

Arises from the hepatic artery and supplies the lower right part of the stomach

R gastric

14

Arises from the celiac a and supplies the upper part of the stomach and lower third of esophagus

L gastric a

15

Arise from gastroduodenal branch of hepatic a and supplies the stomach along the lower part of the greater curvature

R gastroomental/gastroepiploic

16

Arise from splenic a and supplies the stomach along the upper part of greater curvature

L gastro omental

17

Arise from splenic a and supplies the fundus of the stomach

Short gastric a

18

R and L gastric veins drain to

Portal vein

19

R gastro omental v drains to

SMV

20

L gastro omental and short gastric v drains to

Splenic v

21

Ascends over the pylorus to the R gastric v

Prepyloric v

22

Lymph from superior 2/3 of stomach drains to

Gastric LN

23

Lymph from fundus and superior part of the body of the stomach drains to

Pancreaticosplenic LN

24

Lymph from R 2/3 of the inferior third of the stomach drains to

Pyloric LN

25

Lymph from left 1/3 of greater curvature drains to

Pancreaticoduodenal LN

26

Parasympathetic innervation enters the abdomen through

Esophageal hiatus

27

Derived from the left vagus,
Enters abdomen as single branch, runs toward lesser curvature and divides into three segments

Anterior vagal trunk

28

Branches of the anterior vagal trunk

Hepatic
Duodenal
Anterior gastric

29

Hepatic and duodenal branch of the anterior vagal trunk leaves the stomach as

Hepatoduodenal ligament

30

Derived from the right vagus and supplies anterior and posterior stomach

Posterior vagal trunk

31

Branch of posterior vagal trunk that gives rise to posterior gastric branches

Celiac branch

32

Protrusion of part of the stomach into the mediastinum through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm

Hiatal hernia

33

Weakening of muscular part of diaphragm and widening of esophageal hiatus

Hiatal hernia

34

Lesions of the mucosa of the stomach associated with H. Pylori

Gastric ulcer