Personality Disorders Flashcards Preview

Phase 2- Mental Health > Personality Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Disorders Deck (16):
1

What is the ICD-10 definition of a personality disorder?

A severe disturbance in the constitutional and behavioural tendencies of the individual, usually involving several areas of the personality and nearly always associated with considerable personal and social disruption.

2

What are the 4 cluster A personality disorders?

Paranoid
Schizoid
Schizotypal
Antisocial

3

What are the 3 Cluster B personality disorders?

Histrionic
Narcissistic
Borderline

4

What are the 3 Cluster C personality disorders?

Avoidant
Dependent
Anankastic (OCD)

5

What are the symptoms of a Paranoid PD?

Hard to confide in people
Difficult to trust other people
Look for betrayal
Read threats and danger into everyday situations

6

What are the symptoms of a Schizoid PD?

Few activities provide pleasure
Prefer to do things alone
Emotional coldness
Little pleasure from life

7

What are the symptoms of Schizotypal PD?

Cold
Aloof
Social withdrawal
Odd beliefs
Suspiciousness
Unusual perceptual experiences
Vague and over elaborate experiences
Anxious in social situations

8

What are the symptoms of an Antisocial PD?

Unconcern for the feelings of others
Disregard for social norms
Incapacity to maintain social norms
Incapacity to experience guilt
Put yourself in risky situations
Behave aggressively
Act selfishly

9

What are the symptoms of a Histrionic PD?

Self dramatisation
Theatricality
Suggestibility
Shallow
Labile affectivity
Inappropriate
Feel the need to entertain people
Easily influenced by others

10

What are the symptoms of a Narcissistic PD?

Exaggerated sense of self importance
Believe people are jealous of you
Fragile self-esteem
Feel upset if people ignore you
Seen as selfish
Take advantage of other people

11

What are the symptoms of Borderline PD?

Emotionally unstable
Act impulsively without consideration of consequences
Mood very changeable
Outbursts of intense anger
Feel empty
Low self esteem
Intense relationships
fear of being abandoned
Suicidal attempts
Black and white view of people
Paranoia
Have psychotic episodes
Feel numb and do not remember things after they have happened

12

What are the symptoms of an avoidant PD?

Avoid work and social responsibilities
Expect criticism
Worry constantly
Avoid relationships due to fear of rejection
Feel lonely and isolated
Reluctant to try new activities

13

What are the symptoms of a dependent PD?

Relying on other people
Struggle to make decisions
Doesn't like being alone
Fears of abandonment
Subordination of your own needs to the needs of others
Feel needy
Low self-confidence
See others as much more capable
Seen as submissive and passive by others

14

What are the symptoms of an anankastic PD?

Excessive doubts and caution
Perfectionism which gets in the way of tasks
Need to keep things in order
Think yours is the best way of doing things
Reluctant to spend money
Hang onto items with no obvious value
Worry when people make mistakes

15

What are some potential causes of personality disorders?

Unstable or chaotic family life
No support from caregiver
Bad experiences in childhood
Neglect
Sudden bereavement
Verbal, physical or sexual abuse
Being involved in major accidents
Genetics

16

How are PD treated?

Antidepressants
Antipsychotics
Mood stabilisers
CBT
DBT
Arts therapy
Treat any substance abuse