Psychotic Disorders Flashcards Preview

Phase 2- Mental Health > Psychotic Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychotic Disorders Deck (29):
1

What is psychosis?

When an individual experiences a different reality to someone else. The person will not realise they are having a psychotic episode.

2

What is a hallucination?

Perception of an stimulus in the absence of external stimuli. Can be in any of the 5 senses but is most commonly in the form of second or third person auditory hallucinations

3

What is a delusion?

Fixed, firmly held belief that is usually false that cannot be reasoned away and is held despite evidence to the contrary. It is out of keeping with a person's sociocultural norms.

4

What is a persecutory delusion?

Thought that they are at risk of harm, being threatened, cheated or harrassed

5

What is a grandiose delusion?

Idea that the person is exceptionally powerful, talented or important

6

What is a delusion of reference?

A delusion involving certain objects, people or events having great significance

7

What is a delusion of love (erotomania)?

Delusion that someone of high status is in love with them

8

What is a delusion of misidentification? (Capgras syndrome and Fregoli syndrome)

Capgras syndrome is when a person believes a familiar person has been replaced with an exact double
Fregoli syndrome is when a person believes a stranger is a familiar person

9

What is thought insertion?

The delusion that your thoughts are being implanted in your brain from someone else

10

What is thought withdrawal?

Thoughts are being extracted from one's head

11

What is thought broadcasting?

Thoughts are being projected into other people's mind usually without the person's consent

12

What is a formal thought disorder?

A problem with speech so each sentence doesnt follow on from the next.

13

What is circumstantial speech?

Speech is delayed but does reach a conclusion

14

What is tangential speech?

Speaker never returns to original point

15

What are neologisms?

Use of new words created by the patient

16

What is thought blocking?

Sudden stop to the patient's flow of speech

17

What is thought preservation?

Repetition of a word or a phrase

18

Describe a disorder of the self

The individual cannot distinguish between themselves and the world

19

What is schizophrenia?

Psychosis disorder which usually presents in young adults and affects their personality over time

20

What are the 1st rank symptoms of schizophrenia?

Auditory hallucinations (2nd/3rd person auditory)
Thought disorder
Passivity phenomena (bodily sensations controlled by others)
Delusional perceptions

21

Give examples of negative schizophrenia symptoms?

Loss of emotion
Apathy
Poverty of thought
Social isolation
Poor self care

22

Give examples of positive schizophrenia symptoms?

Delusions
Hallucinations
Thought disorders

23

How long must symptoms be present for a diagnosis of schizophrenia to be made?

1 month

24

What is paranoid schizophrenia?

Presents with persecutory, systematised delusions and auditory hallucinations. It is the most common form of schizophrenia.

25

What is disorganised schizophrenia?

Thought disorder, odd behaviour, fleeting, bizarre delusions and labile or inappropriate mood. It normally has an early onset and a poor prognosis

26

What factors indicate a poor prognosis in schizophrenia?

Family history
Gradual onset
Low IQ
Premorbid history of social withdrawal
Lack of obvious precipitant

27

How is schizophrenia managed?

Antipsychotic drugs
Benzodiazepines to sedate
Education of patient and family
Assessment of needs and risks

28

Give 4 risk factors for schizophrenia

Family history
Obstetric complications
Advancing paternal age
Life stressors
Poverty
Urban upbringing

29

What is schizoaffective disorder?

Episode of low mood and schizophrenia at the same time.