Personality Review Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Personality Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Personality Review Deck (37):
1

a pattern of psychological and behavioral characteristics that we can use to compare people

Personality

2

everything is because of unconscious desires or conflicts

Psychoanalytic Theory (Freud)

3

explaining human thought, behavior, and feeling through unconscious desires.

Psychodynamic Approach

4

wishes, inter-conflicts, and memories that you are unaware of

Unconscious

5

all of the mental processes that we are aware of at any given moment

Conscious Awareness

6

anything (memories or information) that are not present in our conscious but is easily accessible

Preconscious Awareness

7

basic instincts, desires, and impulses

ID (Frued)

8

the mediator between ID and the super ego (thinking about benefitting others)

Ego (Freud)

9

tells you what you should and should not do (only benefiting yourself)

Superego

10

guided by the ID and you do whatever feels good

Pleasure Principle

11

guided by the ego and it drives you to do things that are socially acceptable

Reality Principle

12

tactics that either prevent or disguise things that happen to us

Defense Mechanisms (there are 7 of these) (Freud)

13

looking at internal and external conflicts based on body parts

Psychosexual Development (Freud)

14

1st stage of psychosexual development (pleasure and everything ends up in your mouth) (babies)

Oral Stage (Freud)

15

2ns stage of psychosexual development, the please shifts from your mouth to your anis

Anal Stage

16

3rd stage of psychosexual development, your pleasure shifts to your genitals, unless you're a girl (penis envy)

Phallic Stage

17

4th stage of psychosexual development, when sexual impulses stop and start making friends

Latency Period

18

5th stage of psychosexual development, sexual impulses reappear during adolescence

Genital Stage

19

when little boys want to kill their dad and get with their mom

Oedipal Complex

20

when little girls want to get with their dad

Electra Complex

21

the idea that we have a collection of past experiences that we pass down generation to generation

Collective Unconscious (Jung)

22

stable characteristics that we display over time

Personality Traits

23

looking at personality by measuring traits

Trait Approach

24

your personality can be a combination of 5 different traits/factors

Five-Factor Personality (O.C.E.A.N)

25

looking at your personality and how it is a reflection of your thinking and behavior

Social-Cognitive Approach

26

learned expectation of success

Self-Efficacy (Bandura)

27

how our personality develops based on our perception of the world

Humanistic Psychology Approach

28

reaching your full potential

Self-Actualization

29

our desire for growth and fulfillment that motivates our behavior

Actualizing Tendency

30

the way you think about yourself

Self-Concept

31

we experience positive regard (people thinking highly of us) only when we act or behave a certain way

Conditions of Worth (Rogers)

32

when you think you can control environmental factors

Internal Locus of Control

33

you can't control environment factors

External Locus of Control

34

ana unstructured personality test (inkblot test, etc)

Projective Personality Measures

35

personality test that has a clear objective (multiple choice)

Non-projective Personality Measures

36

most widely used personality test (has 500 T/F questions)

MMPI (Minnesota Multi-phasic Personality Inventory)

37

when you get a picture a picture and you have to give some kind of response to it

TAT (Thematic Apperception Test)