Psych Quiz (Cognition and Language) Flashcards Preview

AP Psych > Psych Quiz (Cognition and Language) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psych Quiz (Cognition and Language) Deck (24):
1

Mind

the brain and its activities, including thought, emotion, and behavior.

2

Psychology

the specific study of behavior and mental processes.

3

Introspection

personal observation of your own thoughts, feelings, and behavior.

4

Philosophy

the discipline that systematically examines basic concepts, including the course of knowledge

5

Physical Science

any science that studies nonliving matter, including physics, chemistry, astronomy, and geology.

6

Structuralism

an approach in which the mind is broken into the smallest elements of mental experience.

7

Gestalt psychology

an approach to psychology that saw experience as different than the sum of its elements.

8

Functionalism

an approach to psychology that saw behavior as purposeful and contributing to survival

9

Behaviorism

an approach to psychology that features the study and careful measurement of observable behaviors.

10

Humanistic Psychology

an approach to psychology that saw people as inherently good and motivated to learn and improve

11

Biologic Psychology

the psychological perspective that focuses on the relationships between mind, behavior, and their underlying biological processes, including genetics, biochemistry, anatomy, and physiology; also known as behavioral neuroscience.

12

Evolutionary Psychology

the psychological perspective that investigates how physical structure and behavior have been shaped by their contributions to survival and reproduction.

13

Cognitive Psychology

the psychological perspective that investigates information processing, thinking, reasoning, and problem solving.

14

Social psychology

the psychological perspective that examines the effects of the social environment on the behavior of individuals

15

Culture

the practices, values, and goals shared by groups of people

16

Developmental psychology

the psychological perspective examines the normal changes in behavior that occur across the lifespan.

17

Clinical psychology

the psychological perspective that seeks to explain, define, and treat abnormal behaviors.

18

Individual Differences

an approach to psychology that investigates variations in behavior from one person to the next

19

Personality

an individual's characteristic way of thinking, feeling, and behaving.

20

Science

a method for learning about reality through systematic observation and experimentation

21

Objectivity

the practice of basing conclusions on facts without influence of personal emotion and bias.

22

Placebo

an inactive substance or treatment that cannot be distinguished from a real, active substance or treatment.

23

Critical thinking

the ability to think clearly, rationally and independently

24

Theory

a set of facts and relationships between facts that can explain and predict related phenomena