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Flashcards in Pharmacology Deck (41)
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1

Which stage of anesthesia causes loss of conciousness and eyelid reflex?

Stage II

2

Which of the following is not an induction agent : ketamine hydrochloride, propofol, etomidate, pentothal sodium?

ketamine hydrochloride

3

Which of the following is the most commonly used dissociative agent for surgery : pentothal sodium, desflurane, enflurane, ketamine hydrochloride?

ketamine hydrochloride

4

Which of the following are nerve conduction blockers : succinylcholine and ethrane, xylocaine and succinylcholine, xylocaine and marcaine, ethrane and marcaine?

xylocaine and marcaine

5

Which of the following causes pupil dilation : cycloplegic drugs, viscoelastic drugs, mydriatic drugs, both a & c?

both a & c

6

What is used to correct acidosis, electrolyte, and fluid imbalance ?

ringer's solution and lactated ringer's

7

When a patient has metabolic alkalosis what solution should be administered?

0.9% Saline Solution

8

What condition would the blood expander, hespan, be used to correct?

hypovolemia

9

During surgery the patient begins having the following signs and symptoms : tachycardia, increase levels of carbon dioxide, and unstable blood pressure, and muscular contracture. What condition is the patient most likely presenting?

Malignant hyperthermia

10

What treatment should be followed during surgery when a patient goes into malignant hyperthermia ?

Stop anesthesia, administer 100% oxygen, dantrolene, chilled iv fluids, and used chilled saline lavage

11

What fluid needs to be mixed with dantrolene prior to administering it?

Sterile injectable water

12

What is the loading dose of dantrolene?

2.5mg/kg

13

What class of drug are opiates?

Class II

14

Which of the following is used in the OR setting for pain management : xylocaine, versed, codeine, keflex?

Codeine

15

Schiller's solution is used in which of the following procedures : conization, colposcopy, vulvectomy, marsupialization?

conization

16

When sensations of sensory and motor eye function need to be blocked, what would the surgeon use?

retrobulbar anesthesia

17

What can be used to facilitate hemostasis at the surgical site?

Lidocaine with epi

18

This is when a substance is enhanced by a chemical/drug :

Agonist

19

What term is defined as a sweetened aqueous solution?

syrup

20

What term is used for anesthesia vapors escaping the tubing and anesthesia machine?

Waste anesthetic gas

21

What does tumescent liposuction involve?

A mixture of local anesthetic, epi, saline, and Wydase

22

A mg is a measurement of :

weight

23

The solution used intravenously to replace plasma when plasma is not available is :

dextran

24

A systemic agent used to control uterine hemorrhage is :

pitocin

25

An artificial plasma-volume expander is :

dextran

26

A drug used to soothe an relieve anxiety is :

a sedative

27

The most frequently used barbiturate for IV anesthesia is :

pentothal

28

Compazine is :

an antiemetic

29

A drug that could be used to reverse the effect of muscle relaxants is :

prostigmin

30

Which piece of equipment is of extreme importance when anesthesia induction begins?

suction