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Flashcards in Anatomy and Physiology Deck (175)
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1

visceral

organ

2

parietal

wall

3

sagittal plane

vertical

4

transverse plane

horizontal

5

frontal plane

coronal

6

dorsal cavities

cranial and spinal

7

ventral cavities

thoracic and abdomino-pelvic

8

Cell "batteries" that store energy and supply the cell with ATP

mitochondria

9

carry out digestive functions in the cell

lysosomes

10

delivers proteins to the cell

golgi apparatus

11

transport system and site of protein synthesis

endoplasmic reticulum

12

sites of protein synthesis

ribosomes

13

disarm free radicals

peroxisomes

14

function during cell division

centrioles

15

hairlike extensions responsible for movement of fluid around the cell

cilia

16

whiplike extension responsible for motility of the cells (sperm)

flagella

17

internal framework that determines cell shape

cytoskeleton

18

phagocytosis

cell eating

19

pinocytosis

cell drinking

20

cell division

mitosis

21

what are the 5 stages of mitosis

interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase

22

phase in which the cell grows and carries on its usual metabolic activities

interphase

23

the phase in which the division of the cytoplasm (cytokenesis) is complete

telophase

24

What are the tissue layers, in order when entering the abdominal cavity?

skin, subcuticular, subcutaneous tissue and adipose/superficial fascia, deep fascia, muscle, extraperitoneal fat, peritoneum

25

The part or organelle of the cell considered to be the powerhouse is the:

mitochondria

26

The thymus gland is located in which cavity?

thoracic

27

The hormones produced by the adrenal cortex to protect one during a stressful situation are:

corticoids

28

The outermost later of the eye that is commonly called the white of the eye is:

sclera

29

The parotid gland secretes:

saliva

30

The large opening located in the occipital bone is called the:

foramen magnum