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Flashcards in Pathophysiology Deck (22)
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1

What term is defined as the chest being depressed because the sternum is displaced posteriorly?

Pectus excavatum

2

What condition is caused when the CSF cannot move through the ventricular system?

Hydrocephalus

3

Which of the following repairs the protrusion of abdominal contents through a weakening of the abdominal lining?

Herniorraphy

4

What term is defined by a congenital deformity where the sternum becomes pronounced anteriorly?

Pectus carinatum

5

What condition is present when there is no opening between the right ventricle and the right atrium?

Tricuspid atresia

6

A patient with peripheral vascular disease presents with cramping in the lower leg, the pain subsides when the patient rests. What condition do these symptoms suggest?

Claudication

7

Which of the following is a condition that changes that causes changes in blood pressure or heart rate, chronic diarrhea, and darkening of the skin occurs when the adrenal glands do not produce enough of their hormones?

Addison's disease

8

Which of the following is another name for renal cell carcinoma : nephroblastoma, adenocarcinoma, or nephropathy?

Adenocarcinoma

9

What term is used to describe the fatty plaque that accumulates against the wall of an artery?

Atheroma

10

What is the indicated heart rate for bradycardia?

Heartrate of 60 beats per minute or slower

11

Which of the following is used to assess the surface area burned on a patient : Abbreviated burn severity index, Rule of nines, Lund-Browder?

Rule of nines and lund-browder

12

This is something a patient feels, a perception about a condition, disease, or illness :

Symptom

13

A patient presents with upper limb pain, weakness in the hand, parethesia of fingers, and drooping shoulder girdle. The patient is having symptoms of :

Thoracic outlet syndrome

14

Which of the following is not an anuerysm form : saccular, fusiform, internal, dissecting?

Internal

15

What is a condition where the nasal mucosa is inflamed and over produces mucous?

Rhinitis

16

What is the condition that causes the mucosal lining in the paranasal sinuses to become inflamed?

Sinusitis

17

What term is used when the pharyngeal tonsils are inflamed?

Adenoiditis

18

Which of the following conditions causes snapping and locking of the fingers and thumb?

trigger finger

19

Which of the following conditions is a stenosing tenosynovitis : dupuytren's disease, pheochromocytoma, cushing syndrome, de quervain's disease?

De Quervain's disease

20

Which stage of labor is defined as the span between complete dilation of the cervix and birth of the infant?

Stage 2

21

Which of the following is the MOST effective mechanical method of controlling bleeding occurring from needle holes in vessel anastomoses : pledget, suction, ligature, clamp?

pledget

22

Which of the following procedures is used for removal of an embolus : endarterectomy, balloon catheterization, anuerysmectomy, fasciotomy?

balloon catheterization