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Flashcards in Philosophy And Ethics Deck (20):
1

Why would a catholic say that visions prove the existence of god? (3 examples)

Abraham’s vision - fulfilled

St Bernadette - confirmed miracles by Catholic Church

Joan of arc - behaviour changed

2

What are some arguments against visions? (3)

They are subjective

No empirical evidence

Hallucinations

3

What is an example of a non biblical miracle?

Catherine Latapie - paralysed fingers (hand was healed when in stream in Lourdes)

4

“Miracles prove the existence of god”

Give 3 reasons for this argument

If a miracle has happened god must have performed it

Only god can perform miracles

If no natural explanation, forced to believe it is god

5

“Miracles prove the existence of god”

Give 3 reasons against this argument

Always based on evidence of witnesses, can be mistaken or lies

Many past miracles can now be explained

God could use miracles for more important things like poverty

6

“Visions are proof that god exists”

Give 3 reasons for this argument

Abraham’s promise was fulfilled

Some are confirmed by Catholic Church

Multiple people see the same vision

7

“Visions are proof that god exists”

Give 3 reasons against this argument

No empirical evidence

Subjective

Could be made up for recognition

8

“Miracles are definitive proof that god exists”

Give 3 reasons for this argument

The church investigated each miracle thoroughly

Regardless of science, there is no other explanation

Miracles are consistent with gods revelation throughout time

9

“Miracles are definitive proof that god exists”

Give 3 reasons against this argument

David Hume says miracles could be a mass delusion

Not necessarily caused by god, could be another being

Testimony of witnesses is not reliable

10

“Explain two catholic beliefs about religious experience” (5 marks)

1. Cannot be regarded as new revelations - catholics believe gods revelation was fulfilled in Jesus

2. Some can further deepen our understanding of what has already been revealed - our understanding may not yet be explicit

11

“Explain two reasons religious experience may lead to or support a belief in god” (4 marks)

Swinburne said 20% of people claim to have had one

If the person is credible and trustworthy then why shouldn’t we believe them

12

What were the 5 steps of William paley’s beliefs

1. Walking through a field
2. See a rock, assume it’s been there forever
3. If stumbled across a watch, complex, needs a designer
4. Human eye more complex, needs a designer
5. God

13

“Evidence of design in the world leads to a belief in god”

Give 3 reasons for this argument

- philosophers say god must be omnipotent and omniscient supporting catholic views

- brings science into agreement, deepening the study of science and nature

- based on our own experience of design

14

“Evidence of design in the world leads to a belief in god”

Give 3 reasons against this argument

- evolution - human body wasn’t perfect in the beginning

- David Hume - can’t use an analogy to explain the universe

- god is not the designer because of evil and suffering

15

What are the 5 catholic responses to evil and suffering

- if god never gave us free will we could never be held responsible

- humans can’t understand that god makes them suffer to benefit them

- still loves and cares for his creation

- world is a place of ‘soul making’

- we are challenged to follow jesus’ example and remove all suffering

16

What is the cosmological argument?

The idea that everything in the world has to have a cause

17

“Explain two things the cosmological argument demonstrates about the nature of god for catholics”

- god is omnipotent, Thomas Aquila’s states that god it the causer

- god is infinite, Aquila’s states that god does not have a beginning or end

18

Give 4 points showing gods revelation

Through the prophets and the message that god speaks to them

Through scripture

Jesus is the final revelation of god

Through individual experiences (Moses and burning bush)

19

“Revelation is the only way catholics can know that god truly exists”

Give 3 reasons for this argument

Catholics believe that through Jesus, god has truly revealed god self

The bible because god has revealed god self to the authors

Revelation is god revealing god self therefore humans cannot misunderstand god

20

“Revelation is the only way catholics can know that god truly exists”

Give 3 reasons against this argument

There are other ways that catholics can know that god exists (personal prayers)

Catholics may experience god in the world (beautiful scenery)

He only reveals god self to certain people