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Flashcards in Unit 4 Deck (17):
1

Explain 2 ways church architecture reflects belief

- all churches will include a nave - implying catholics believe they’re in Christ’s boat being steered to heaven

- all churches have a sanctuary - a reminder of gods sacredness, the priest will go from the sanctuary to the nave representing gods movement to humanity

2

Explain two ways the church contributes to catholic worship (swa)

- space - where catholics hear the word of god and receive the Eucharist

- most churches open throughout the day, aiding catholic worship by making them feel close to god

“A church...ought to be in good taste and a worthy place for prayer” - CCC

3

Explain the importance of two internal features of churches for catholics

- altar - priest consecrates Eucharist representing last supper

- lectern - book stand, scripture is a key feature of the mass, through the word of god we can learn to be like Jesus and achieve eternal salvation

4

Explain how two internal church features can facilitate catholic worship

- crucifix - reminded of gods love and remember his sacrifice

- baptismal font - during baptism, babies are baptised in the ‘name of the father and son and holy spirit’

5

Explain the purpose of two sacred objects

Hunger cloths in Middle Ages covered the altar, covered in bible stories to teach people who couldn’t read

Sarcophagi - box like container for a corpse - most popes in basilica are buried in one

6

Explain how two sacred objects are used to express catholic beliefs (swa)

Sarcophagi- represent catholic belief in bodily resurrection, were carved with images of Lazarus or jairus’ daughter

Sacred vessels - belief in transubstantiation - Jesus becomes present

7

Explain two ways that artwork can help catholics understand their faith better (and examples)

- portray key teachings of the church eg. Andrei rublev portrays trinity

- bring the significance of bible stories to life more eg Michael Angelo’s shows relationship between god and humanity

8

Explain two ways statues and sculptures can be used in catholic worship

Good Friday - kiss the feet of Jesus on the cross this adoration is an expression of thanksgiving

Most churches have a number of statues of the saints - direct their prayers, ask for help

9

Explain two reasons sculpture and statues are important to catholics (swa)

- used to teach the illiterate and were a way of symbolising key beliefs

- a way of honouring our talents showing devotion to god

‘Art is a form of practical wisdom, uniting knowledge and skill’

10

‘Statues are a form of idolatry worship’
Give 3 agree and 2 disagree reasons

Agree:
- 10 commandments
- reformation
- can be seen to worship the saint

Disagree:
- god commands construction of statues in ot
- council of Trent confirmed it isn’t

11

Explain how two symbols express catholic belief

- dove symbolises Holy Spirit - shows Holy Spirit is the bringer of hope and new life

- ichthus - imagery of fish has obvious connections with apostles ‘fishers of men’ and feeding of 5000

12

Explain how two symbols of the church are used today

Alpha and omega - eternity of Christ - found on paschal candle

Ichthus - identify Christianity today - bumper stickers or company logos

13

Explain two ways drama can be used to express belief

- bring realism so the audience can connect more with the events depicted
(Passion plays make Jesus’ suffering more significant for catholics)

- participants see it as a way to connect with their faith, expresses their commitment

14

Explain why some Catholics may see drama as a secular activity and not worship (2)

- some have been modernised, added comedy, sacredness of the play being portrayed is lost

- performed in public places rather than churches, reverence of audience isn’t the same

15

Explain two ways music is a part of worship for catholics

Hymns - praise/adoration

Psalms - songs from OT, daily catholic worship

16

Explain two ways music can express belief

- can connect to their history

- hymns taken from scripture, a way of remembering scripture

17

“Traditional worship is preferable for catholics to use in worship”

Give 3 agree and 3 disagree reasons

Agree:
- better focus on scripture
- connect with history
- connects to order of liturgy

Disagree:
- more expressive
- focus more on praise/adoration than scripture
- more appealing for youth