What are potential complications of phlebotomy?
What equipment do you collect for phlebotomy?
Blood collection device
What things do you do before performing hand hygiene?
Choose appropriate site (chacking for any contraindications)
Open all packaging for access, assemble the equipment and disinfect the top of blood culture bottles after removing the caps
What should you do after the initial washing of hands
Apply tourniquet and select a vein
Perform hand hygiene again
What should you do after washing hands for the second time?
Get your needle (make sure sharps container is close by)
Insert needle into vein (15-30 degrees)
DO NOT SWITCH HANDS (prevents pain, injury, haematoma)
introduce blood collection tube
Release tourniquet after the last tube is drawn
Invert the tube the number of times as directed
Apply firm pressure to puncture site (keep arm straight and you may need to apply a plaster)
HAND HYGIENE (after exposure to patient body fluids)
What are finalising steps after taking the blood from the patient?
Label the specimens, place them in a bag with a fully complete request form in outer pocket while in the presence of the patient
Thank the patient and make sure that they are comfortable
Document the completion of the procedure
Reassess the patient after 30 minutes, 2-4 hours, 48-72 hours depending on procedure