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Psychology Paper 2 > Phobias > Flashcards

Flashcards in Phobias Deck (12):
1

What are phobias

Anxiety disorders characterised by extreme irrational fears

2

What are the behavioural symptoms of phobias

Avoidant response
Disruption of functioning

3

What are the emotional symptoms of phobias

-Persistent excessive fear
-Fear from exposure to stimulus

4

What are the cognitive characteristics of phobias ?

Recognition of exaggerated anxiety

5

What are the three sub types of phobias ?

Simple phobias (specific phobias)
Social phobias
Agoraphobia fear of leaving safe place

6

What is the two process model of explaining phobias

Onset of phobias is seen as occurring through classical conditioning

Maintenance seen as occurring through operant conditioning

7

Explaining phobias through classical conditioning

Neutral stimulus causes fear response

8

Operant conditioning and phobias

Learning through consequence
Negatively reinforcing phobia

E.g. Phobia of dark means sleep with lights on

9

What is an alternative explanation of phobias?

Cognitive ( attentional bias to focus upon anxiety generating stimulus ( teeth of dog

Evolutionary so phobias as survival value

10

Name two ways of treating phobias

Systematic desensitisation
Flooding

11

What is systematic desensitisation

Behavioural therapy for treating anxiety disorders

Sufferer learns relaxation techniques then faces progressive hierarchy of exposure to fear

12

What is flooding?

Direct confrontation of feared object

Straight to top of hierachy
Anxiety peaks at such high levels it cannot be maintained