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Flashcards in Behaviourist Approach Deck (17):
1

What is the behaviour approach

Behaviour learned from experience
No genetic influence, clean slate

2

What is classical conditioning

Learning by association
Association between stimulus and reflex response

3

What did Pavlovs research do?

Taught dogs to associate bell with food

4

Describe pavlovs experiment

Food - UCS --- salivate (reflex)
Bell - NS. ---no response


Food------Salivate
Bell ----

Salivate (CS)
Bell ( CS) ------

5

What is stimulus generation

When stimulus becomes generalised to other related stimuli

Albert scared of other fluffy animals

6

What is stimulus discrimination

When stimulus is not associated with cOnditioned response

Little Albert wouldn't cry of dog cos too different

7

Who was little Albert study researched by

Watson and rayner 1920

8

What was the aim of little Albert study

Provide evidence that human emotional response could be learnt through classical conditioning

9

What were the findings of little Albert

Albert would cry and roll over when he saw the rat after conditioning

He developed fear towards white rats

He displayed fear to other similar animals

10

What is operant conditions

Learning by consequence
Positive reinforcement
Negative reinforcement
Punishment

11

What research is for operant conditioning

Skinner and rat

12

What was the punishment in skinners study

Metal floor that electrocuted

13

What was the positive reinforcement

Pellet

14

What was the continuous reinforcement in skinner

Rat pressing lever to get pellet

15

What was the negative reinforcement

Avoidance of electrocution

16

What was skinners analysis of behaviour ABC OF OPERENT CONDITIOING

Antecedents what happens b4 behaviour
Behaviours operants rat pressing lever
Consequences after operant getting pellet

17

Evaluation of behaviourist approach

Do not consider influence of thought and cognitive processes

Any spontaneous behaviour is not explained

Use animal research so it's not appropriate due to differences in complexities