Phonetics (1) Slides -Production of Sounds (Vocal Tract) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Phonetics (1) Slides -Production of Sounds (Vocal Tract) Deck (11)
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1

What is the source of sounds?

Lungs and larynx

2

What are the filters of sound?

-Pharynx
-Oral cavity
-Nasal cavity

3

How do lungs contribute to the production of sounds?

-Lungs pump air through the rest of the vocal tract

-Most speech is PULMONIC EGRESSIVE, or involves air living the lungs (Egress = exit, and pulmo is latin for lung)

-Pulmonic ingressive can show up in some accents as a paralinguistic feature
(Newfoundland English "yeah")

4

What is the Larynx?

The larynx is also known as the "voice box"

-Cartilaginous structure that contains vocal folds

5

What are vocal folds?

Thin sheets of muscle that act as a valve

6

What is the Glottis?

The opening between vocal folds

7

What is "Voicing"?

As air goes through the larynx, the state of the vocal cords affects the quality of sound

-Voiced and voiceless distinction is IMPORTANT in most languages
( /f/ and /v/, /s/ and /z/ )

8

What is "Creaky voice"?

'Cassava, Brazilian arrowroot, manioc, tapioca, uyuca'

9

Is the pharynx important for english?

-The pharynx is a FILTER

- It is not too important for English

- May be involved in creaky voice, and other sound types not in English (ejectives, implosives)

10

What functions do the oral cavity serve for speech?

It is an articulator
-Tongue
-Lips

Places of articulation
-Lips
-Alveolar ridge
-Palate
-Velum
-Uvula
-Pharynx
-Glottis

11

What functions does the nasal cavity serve?

-Velopharyngeal port opens to allow resonance in naval cavity