Phonetics (1) Slides - Sounds and Transcription Flashcards Preview

LING 101 > Phonetics (1) Slides - Sounds and Transcription > Flashcards

Flashcards in Phonetics (1) Slides - Sounds and Transcription Deck (11)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is Phonetics?

How sounds are produced and perceived

2

What is Phonology?

How sounds pattern

3

What is Morphology?

How words are built

4

What is Syntax?

How words pattern into sentences

5

What are Semantics?

How form and meaning correspond

6

Why does linguistics focus on SPOKEN over WRITTEN language?

-Spoken language has been around MUCH longer

- Children learn to speak BEFORE they learn to write

- Spoken language is different, CHANGES faster than written language

-Some languages AREN'T written

7

What is IPA?

International Phonetic Alphabet

-Each symbol represents one speech sound

-Developed in 1886 in Paris

-Most recent version: 2015

-Mostly roman-looking symbols with bits of greek and lots of turning symbols upside down

8

Transcription VS Translation

TRANSLATION (Etymology "to carry across")

-To change a message from one language to another

TRANSCRIPTION (Etymology "to write across")

-To change a message from one modality to another
--> Speech into a written record (Court, medical)
--> One form of writing into another (pinyin, romaji, morse code)

9

What is bracket notation?

-Square brackets [ ] around a word represent a phonetic transcription

-Angle brackets < > are used to represent a "grapheme" or the letter/symbol of a writing system ( for example )

10

What are periods for?

Separate symbols (sort of optional, but perhaps helpful)

11

What should you be cautious of regarding symbols?

Some symbols are very close, but it is important to form each correctly