Flashcards in Phonetics (1) Slides - Sounds and Transcription Deck (11)
What is Phonetics?
How sounds are produced and perceived
What is Phonology?
How sounds pattern
What is Morphology?
How words are built
What is Syntax?
How words pattern into sentences
What are Semantics?
How form and meaning correspond
Why does linguistics focus on SPOKEN over WRITTEN language?
-Spoken language has been around MUCH longer
- Children learn to speak BEFORE they learn to write
- Spoken language is different, CHANGES faster than written language
-Some languages AREN'T written
What is IPA?
International Phonetic Alphabet
-Each symbol represents one speech sound
-Developed in 1886 in Paris
-Most recent version: 2015
-Mostly roman-looking symbols with bits of greek and lots of turning symbols upside down
Transcription VS Translation
TRANSLATION (Etymology "to carry across")
-To change a message from one language to another
TRANSCRIPTION (Etymology "to write across")
-To change a message from one modality to another
--> Speech into a written record (Court, medical)
--> One form of writing into another (pinyin, romaji, morse code)
What is bracket notation?
-Square brackets [ ] around a word represent a phonetic transcription
-Angle brackets < > are used to represent a "grapheme" or the letter/symbol of a writing system ( for example )
What are periods for?
Separate symbols (sort of optional, but perhaps helpful)