PMBOK Chapter 2 - Organizational Influence and Project Life Cycle Flashcards Preview

PMP Exam > PMBOK Chapter 2 - Organizational Influence and Project Life Cycle > Flashcards

Flashcards in PMBOK Chapter 2 - Organizational Influence and Project Life Cycle Deck (22):

What are organizations?

systematic arrangements of entities (persons and/or departments) aimed at accomplishing a purpose, which may involve undertaking projects


What is the organization's culture an example of?

an enterprise environmental factor


What is organizational structure?

an enterprise environmental factor, which can affect the availability of resources and influence how projects are conducted


What is the classic functional organization?

a hierarchy where each employee has one clear superior


What are matrix organizations?

reflect a blend of functional and projectized characteristics. can be classified as weak, balanced or strong depending on the relative level of power and influence between functional and project managers


What are weak organizations?

maintain many of the characteristics of a functional organization, and the role of the project manager is more of a coordinator or expediter


What are strong organizations?

have many of the characteristics of the projectized organization, and have full-time project managers with considerable authority and full-time project administrative staff


What are balanced matrix organizations?

recognize the need for a project manager, they do not provide the project manager with the full authority over the project and project funding


What is a projectized organization?

team members are often collocated; most of the organization's resources are involved in project work and project managers have a great deal of independence and authority


What are organizational process assets?

the plans, processes, policies, procedures and knowledge bases specific to and used by the performing organization.


What are the five process groups?

Initiating, Planning, Executing, Monitoring and Controlling, Closing


What are enterprise environmental factors?

refer to conditions, not under the control of the project team, that influence, constrain or direct the project


What is a stakeholder?

an individual, group or organization who may affect, by affected by or perceive itself to be affected by a decision, activity or outcome of a project


What is project governance?

the alignment of the project with stakeholders' needs or objectives - is critical to the successful management of stakeholder engagement and the achievement of organizational objectives


Examples of project stakeholders:

Sponsors / Customers and users / Sellers / Business partners / Organizational groups / Functional managers


What are the two basic project team compositions:

1) Dedicated -- all or a majority of the project team members are assigned to work full-time on the project
2) Part-time -- the project managers and team members work on the project while remaining in their existing organizations and continuing to carry out their normal functions


What is a project life cycle?

the series of phases that a project passes through from its initiation to its closure


What is a predictive life cycle?

the product and deliverables are defined at the beginning of the project and any changes to scope are carefully managed


What is an adaptive life cycle?

the product is developed over multiple iterations and detailed scope is defined for each iteration only as the iteration begins


What is a project phase?

a collection of logically related project activities that culminates in the completion of one or more deliverables


Two basic types of phase-to-phase relationships:

1) Sequential relationship -- a phase starts only when the previous phase is complete
2) Overlapping relationship -- a phase starts prior to completion of the previous one


What are iterations?

they develop the product through a series of repeated cycles, while increments successively add to the functionality of the product