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Flashcards in Population Deck (14)
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1

What is population density and how is it calculated?

It's a measurement and is calculated by dividing the number of people by area (people per sq km)

2

Definition of birth rate

The number of births per 1000 per year in a country

3

Define death rate

The number of people per 1000 who die every year

4

Define life expectancy

The average number of years a person is expected to live in a specific country

5

Define infant mortality

Number of infants that die under the age of 1 years old per 1000 live births

6

2 definitions of fertility rate

-average number of births per women in a country
-average number of children each women in a population will bear

7

What is natural increase/change

Change in the size of a population

8

Why is fertility declining in an MEDC

-contraception more available
-women want their income to continue (not quit their job)
-women would lose independence
-marry later in life

9

What affects fertility in an LEDC

-migration
-war
-clean water
-contraception

10

What is a young dependant?

Children under 15 (0-14) who depend on their parents. No income of their own

11

What is an old dependant?

People aged over 65 who depend on people who work and have an income

12

Define economically active

The fraction of a population that is either employed or seeking employment

13

Define dependency ratio

A measure showing the number of dependants (0-14 and over 65) to the total population (15-64)

14

Definition of population

The people living within a political or geographical boundary