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Flashcards in Development Deck (27)
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1

What is a development indicator?

Something that tells you how developed a country is by telling (life expectancy) etc..

2

Advantages and disadvantages of development indicators-

Advantages:
It will tell you how good the health care is and literacy levels

Disadvantages:
Doesn't tell you about every area just overall

3

What is the Brandt line?

Line that separates LEDC's and MEDC's

4

What does the UN measure?

Quality of life. They produce human development index (HDI) for all countries which combine aspects of human development

5

What is standard of living?

The amount of stuff you have

6

What is quality of life?

Your personal happiness

7

What does NIC mean?

Newly industrialised country

8

What does BRIC mean?

Brazil, Russia, India, China

9

What is the Rostow model?

Shows different countries put into 5 different sections depending on how developed they are

10

What is aid?

When 1 country, or organisation, gives resources to another country

11

What is a donor?

The country or organisation giving the aid

12

What is the recipient?

The country or organisation receiving the aid

13

What is bilateral aid?

Government aid
From 1 country to another

14

What is multilateral aid?

International organisation
From organisations like the I.M.F or W.H.O

15

What is voluntary aid?

Non-government organisation, like oxfam

16

What is the primary sector?

Includes agriculture, fishing, forestry and mining

17

What is secondary sector?

Making anything to sell (car, clothes)

18

What is the tertiary sector?

People that provide a service (firemen, teachers)

19

What is the quarternary sector?

High tec industry, highly skilled work

20

Definition of development

Development means improvement in a country's economic and social conditions

21

What does TNC stand for?

Transnational Corporations

22

What does MNC stand for?

Multi-national Companies

23

What does Globalisation mean?

The process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected as a result of massively increased trade and cultural exchange

24

What are types of physical environment?

-global warming increased
-ecosystems destroyed
-water dirty and contaminated
-massive deforestation impacts communities and people

25

What is the difference between global warming and the greenhouse effect?

The greenhouse effect is natural, the increase in greenhouse gases is what causes global warming

26

What are ways to minimise pollution?

-reduce, reuse, recycle (stops CO2 being created)
-more efficient energy being used (wind turbines&solar panels)
-governments also putting carbon budgets into place to prevent people producing greenhouse gases

27

What is employment structure?

The types of jobs or money made in a country