Flashcards in Development Deck (27)
What is a development indicator?
Something that tells you how developed a country is by telling (life expectancy) etc..
Advantages and disadvantages of development indicators-
It will tell you how good the health care is and literacy levels
Doesn't tell you about every area just overall
What is the Brandt line?
Line that separates LEDC's and MEDC's
What does the UN measure?
Quality of life. They produce human development index (HDI) for all countries which combine aspects of human development
What is standard of living?
The amount of stuff you have
What is quality of life?
Your personal happiness
What does NIC mean?
Newly industrialised country
What does BRIC mean?
Brazil, Russia, India, China
What is the Rostow model?
Shows different countries put into 5 different sections depending on how developed they are
What is aid?
When 1 country, or organisation, gives resources to another country
What is a donor?
The country or organisation giving the aid
What is the recipient?
The country or organisation receiving the aid
What is bilateral aid?
From 1 country to another
What is multilateral aid?
From organisations like the I.M.F or W.H.O
What is voluntary aid?
Non-government organisation, like oxfam
What is the primary sector?
Includes agriculture, fishing, forestry and mining
What is secondary sector?
Making anything to sell (car, clothes)
What is the tertiary sector?
People that provide a service (firemen, teachers)
What is the quarternary sector?
High tec industry, highly skilled work
Definition of development
Development means improvement in a country's economic and social conditions
What does TNC stand for?
What does MNC stand for?
What does Globalisation mean?
The process by which the world is becoming increasingly interconnected as a result of massively increased trade and cultural exchange
What are types of physical environment?
-global warming increased
-water dirty and contaminated
-massive deforestation impacts communities and people
What is the difference between global warming and the greenhouse effect?
The greenhouse effect is natural, the increase in greenhouse gases is what causes global warming
What are ways to minimise pollution?
-reduce, reuse, recycle (stops CO2 being created)
-more efficient energy being used (wind turbines&solar panels)
-governments also putting carbon budgets into place to prevent people producing greenhouse gases