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Mandarin Culture > Population > Flashcards

Flashcards in Population Deck (18):
1

Year of people’s republic of China

1949

2

Cultural revolution

1966-1976

3

Great Leap Forward

1958-1961

4

Great famine

1959-1961

5

1st propaganda

One child isn’t too few
2 is just fine
3 is too many
From 1971-75

6

WAN Xi shao

1970’s
Later marriage
Births more widely spaced
Less kids. Urban 2 rural 3

7

One child policy

1979

8

First change to one child policy

1984 Han Chinese in rural areas allowed to have 2nd child if 1st is girl

9

2nd change to OCP

2006 some provinces ease restrictions to allow only child couples to have 2 children and if the 1st has health problems
But people can’t afford 2 children so didn’t make huge difference in fertility rates which now is far below replacement level of 2.1 children per woman

10

% of over 65 years old people in 1970

4%
Was 8% in 2010, estimated to rise to 23% in 30 years.

11

2 child policy

2015

12

How did wan xi shao effect fertility rate

Reduced from 5.81 to 2.72 in less than 10 years.

13

How did one child isn’t too few affect growth rate

Declined from 2.4% in 1971 to 1.7% in 1975.
Wan xi shao helped to reduce it to 1.4% in 1979
But not sufficiently cuz of population momentum

14

Once child policy problems

115 boys to 100 girls due to cultural preference over boys and sex selective abortions, abandonment and female infanticide, compared with global average - 107 boys.
Ageing pop
4-2-1 families put pressure on younger generations

15

Why were there changes to once child policy

Cuz gov realised working population was decreasing and ageing pop causing bigger destructions to balance or young to old generation. So rate of china’s economic growth is decreasing and reduced tax income required to support elderly

16

Population in 1949

542 million

17

How many kids added by baby boom

200 million 1964-1974

18

Population in 1979

Just under 1 billion