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Flashcards in Population & Settlement Deck (38)
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1

Urbanisation

Process of urban areas becoming bigger over time

2

Counter urbanisation

The movement of people away from urban areas to rural areas

3

Push factors

A negative reason which pushes you away from a certain place eg crime

4

Pull factors

A positive reason attracting you towards a place

5

CBD

Central Business District, centre of an urban area with commercial value

6

Infrastructure

The network of basic facilities & services that society needs in order to function

7

Shanty towns

Slum areas found in LEDCs

8

Suburb

The area of more expensive residential development on the outskirts of urban areas

9

Convenience goods

Relatively inexpensive & common goods which are purchased frequently eg milk

10

Urban sprawl

The process of urban areas spreading outwards

11

Specialist goods

Useful products/ facilities such as shops and schools

12

Gentrification

The changes that happen when wealthy people buy property in a poor area

13

Economic migrant

Those who move to another country in order to improve their standard of living

14

Negative effects on the UK because of Poland migration

Remittances
Overcrowded services
Racial tension

15

Negative effects on Poland because of Poland migration

Aging population
Brain drain
Shortage of workers

16

Positive effects on the UK because of Poland migration

More economically active people - more tax & more goods to be bought
Increased trade
More skilled labour force

17

Positive effects on Poland because of Poland migration

£3 b. sent back as remittances
Helped housing shortage and unemployment
New market for polish goods in UK

18

Pull factors of UK

Higher wages
Easy to migrate
Good currency

19

Push factors of Poland

High unemployment (20%)
Low wages (1/3 of UKs)
Housing shortages (3/10)

20

Pull factors of urban China

More jobs
Higher wages
Better services eg. school & healthcare (1.1 m. couldn't go to school in 2001)

21

Push factors of rural China

Fewer jobs
Widespread poverty (600 m. survive on less than £2 a day)
Shortage of services

22

Rural China positives

Remittances

23

Rural China negatives

Aging population

24

Rural China solutions

Introduced pensions in 2009 for farmers

25

Urban China positives

More workers - stronger economy

26

Urban China negatives

Pollution
Not enough infrastructures (270 cities don't have water treatment plants)

27

Urban China solutions

Built vocational/ practical schools
Changed water supply system in 2001 - improving water access & quality

28

Exponential Growth

When a population doubles

29

Advantages of rural life (counter urbanisation)

Peace & quiet
Low house prices
Low crime

30

Disadvantages of rural life (counter urbanisation)

Less culture
New people don't integrate
Grown up local children cant afford to live there
Fewer jobs
Overcrowded services