Portugal - Duriense VR Flashcards Preview

Portugal > Portugal - Duriense VR > Flashcards

Flashcards in Portugal - Duriense VR Deck (36):
1

DOP of

Duriense VR

Douro DOP

Porto DOP

Porto has 3 sub-regions:
(BCD)
Baixo Corga
Cima Corga - most densely planted
Duoro Superior

 

* Douro is Portugal's 1st demarcated red wine region

A image thumb
2

What mountain chains surround the 

Duoro River Valley?

Serra do Marão
(northern side of river)

Montemuro
(southern side of river)

3

What styles of wine are made in

Douro DOP?

Branco

Rosado

Tinto

Espumante

Licoroso
(Moscatel do Douro)

4

Douro DOP

(ALL)

Tinto - Branca - Rosado
Espumante - Licoroso

Branca - Rosado
51 total casta!

Best: 
Malvasia Fina, Rabigato, Gouveio, Viosinho

~65 hl/ha~
~10.5% min ABV~

Tinto
65 total casta!! 

Best are:
Touriga Nacional, Touriga Franca,
Tinta Roriz, Tinta Cao, Tinta Barroca

~55 hl/ha~
~11% min ABV~

*released 5/15

Espumante
~11% min ABV~

*9 months min on lees

Moscatel do Duoro
(Licoroso)
~16.5% min ABV~

*18 months min aging

A image thumb
5

Sub-Zones of

Porto DO

BCD
(you better not forget this, it's your initials!)

Baixo Corga
(most densely planted)

Cima Corga
(highest total vineyard acreage)

Douro Superior
(largest, most arid, least densely planted)

A image thumb
6

What are Vinhos ao Alta?

VINHOS AO ALTA
- The modern non-terraced planting system. The vines are planted vertically to do away with terracing.

 

Other planting systems:

PATAMARES
- The traditional terracing system that does not allow for mechanized harvesting (rows are spaced to tightly)

SOCALCOS
- The modern terracing system that is more widely spaced and does allow for mechanized harvesting

A image thumb
7

What are Patamares?

PATAMARES
- The traditional terracing system that does not allow for mechanized harvesting (rows are spaced to tightly)


Other planting systems:

SOCALCOS
- The modern terracing system that is more widely spaced and does allow for mechanized harvesting

VINHOS AO ALTA
- The modern non-terraced planting system. The vines are planted vertically to do away with terracing.

A image thumb
8

What are Socalcos?

SOCALCOS
- The modern terracing system that is more widely spaced and does allow for mechanized harvesting

 

Other planting systems:

PATAMARES
- The traditional terracing system that does not allow for mechanized harvesting (rows are spaced to tightly)

VINHOS AO ALTA
- The modern non-terraced planting system. The vines are planted vertically to do away with terracing.

A image thumb
9

Styles of Port

Ruby

Tawny

10

Types of Port

RUBIES (8)
Ruby Port

White Port

Pink Port

Late Bottled Vintage
(LBV)

Reserve Port
(fka: Vintage Character)

Crusted Port
(throws sediment)

Vintage Port

Single Quinta Port


TAWNIES (5)
Tawny Port

Aged Tawny Port

Reserve Tawny

Single Quinta Tawny Port

Colheita Tawny
(Vintage Tawny)

11

Best White Grapes

of Port

FV-GERM
(fave germ)

Folgasao

Viosinho

Gouveio

Esgana Cao

Rabigato

Malvasia Fina

12

Best Red Grapes

of Port

-Must be 60% combined of total blend-

FN-CRAB-BM

Touriga Francesca
(aka: Touriga Franca)

Touriga Nacional

Tinta Cao

Tinta Roriz

Tinta Amarela

Tinta Barroca

Bastardo

Morisco Tinto

Previous MS Test Question

13

White Port

Can be made Sweet or Dry

A image thumb
14

Pink Port

Non-Oxidated White Port is back blended with pressed black skins to extract a little color.

First made in 2008 by Croft.

15

Ruby Port

Made in bulk in a House-style.

Best are aged 2-3 years in vats before release.

No vintage or aging date.

16

Late Bottled Vintage Port

Vintage dated port from a (typically) non-declared vintage.

Often spends 4-6 years in cask before release. 

They may carry the term Envelhicido em Garrafa indicating that they have benefitted from an additional of 3 years bottle aging.

Most do not benefit from bottle aging. 

Are usually filtered prior to bottling. Although higher quality versions do exist that are un-filtered.  

17

What is

Envelhecido em Garrafa?

A labelling of a Late Bottled Vintage Port indicating the wine has benefitted from an additonal 3 years bottle aging.

18

Crusted Port

*3 years min bottle aging

Sees up to 4 years cask aging before it is released.

Made from "very high quality" ruby port.

Name comes from the amount of sediment it has.

19

Single Quinta Vintage Port

Ruby Port from a single vineyard.

Are typically sold from the same vintage as LBV. 

Single Quintas are usually aged longer in bottle before release whereas LBV are aged longer in cask before bottling.

Most are accesible as an LBV.

20

Reserve Port

(fka: Vintage Character Port)

Aged for up to 4 years in barrel.

Closer to aged ruby port than vintage.

21

Vintage Port

The Highest quality port.
(1-3% total production)

Cannot be bottled before June 30th on the third year following harvest. 
Therefore has a minimum of 2.5 years in barrel.

Only from the best vintages.  Port producers rarely will declare two vintages in a row.  It is typically 3 out of every 10 vintages.

22

Tawny Port
(Basic)

Typically paler wines. 

Do not see extended cask aging.

23

Aged Tawny Port

Can be labeled as:
10, 20, 30, or 40 years old

There is no requirement on aging for any of these levels. 

Aged Tawny ports are certified by the IVDP at each level for they "taste" according to their target age level.

24

Reserve Tawny Port

Blended from several vintages.

*7 years min aging before being bottled.
(in cask...?)

25

Single Quinta Aged Tawny Port

Aged Tawny from a single named vineyard.
(10, 20, 30, or 40 year)

26

Colheita Tawny

Tawny Port from a specific named vintage.

*7 years min cask aging before bottling.

27

What are the planting systems of Douro?

PATAMARES
- The traditional terracing system that does not allow for mechanized harvesting (rows are spaced to tightly)

SOCALCOS
- The modern terracing system that is more widely spaced and does allow for mechanized harvesting

VINHOS AO ALTA
- The modern non-terraced planting system. The vines are planted vertically to do away with terracing.

A image thumb
28

What is

Leo do tergo?

"Law of the third"

IVDP policy that stipulates Port houses can only release 1/3 of their total inventory annually.

29

What is the

IVDP?

Instituto dos Vinhos de Duoro e Porto

The regulatory body that oversees all production of wine in the Duoro (Duriense).

30

What is

Vila Nova de Gaiao?

A suburb town of the city of Oporto in Minho.

Wines had to be shipped from Pinhao in Cima Corgo on 'Barco Rabelo'

Until 1986 all Port wine had to be aged in this town.  Joining the EU broke this monopolistic regulation.

31

What are

Barco Rabelo?

The ships traditionally used to transport 'Port Pipes'.

They traditionally sailed from Pinhao to Vila Nova de Gaiao for aging in the Port Lodges before release.

A image thumb
32

Port Pipes?

Traditional Barrels used in Duoro.

Duoro Valley = 550 L
(makes sense. you add 110L Aquardente to 440L wine)

Vila Nova de Gaia = 620 L

Shipping Port = 534.24 L

Note:
There are also 'Pipes' used in shipping in:
- Madeira = 418 L
- Marsala = 423 L

33

Name 5 "Soil & Climate" factors

in the Port Vineyard Rating Classification

There are 7:

Location

Altitude

Exposure

Slope

Shelter

Bedrock

Rough Matter

34

Name 3 "Vine" Factors

in the Port Vineyard Rating Classification

There are 5:

Type of vine

Vine Age

Training System

Planting Density

Yield

35

Briefly explain the Port Vineyard Rating System

Vineyards are rated on a score of 0 - 2361 points

The higher the score of the vineyard the more growers are permitted by the IVDP to harvest.

Vineyards are rated on 12 different categories
Soil & Climate factors (7):
- location, altitude, exposure, bedrock, rough matter, slope and shelter

Vine factors (5):
- type of vine, planting density, yield, training system, and vine age

A rating:   1,200+ points
B rating:   1,001 - 1,199 points
C rating:   801 - 1,000 points
D rating:   601 - 800 points
E rating:   400 - 600 points
F rating:   399 and below

36

What is the maximum score a vineyard can receive in the Port Vineyard Rating Classifiaction?

2,361 points

Any score of 1,200 points pr higher earns an "A" rating