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Flashcards in Portugal - General Questions Deck (46):
1

Quality levels for 

Portuguese wine

Vinhos de Mesa

Vinhos Regional (VR)
Indicação Geogràfica Protegida (IGP)

Denominação de Origem Protegida (DOP)

2

What is the minimum percetage from a VR/IGP

for that region to appear on a label?

85% minimum

3

What is

Adamado?

Sweet

-Doce is also used

4

What is

Carvalho?

Oak

5

What is

Doce?

Sweet

-Adamado is also used

6

What is

Garrafeira?

Gran Reserva
(...ish)

For vintage dated wines only!

==========

.5% min higher ABV
than required wine/region

----------

Branco
**12 months min total aging
**6 months min in bottle.

Tinta
*30 months min total aging 
**12 months min in bottle

(Stevenson says 3 years total)

7

What is

I.P.R.?

Idicacao Proveniencia Regulamentada

(similar to France's VDQS)

-done away with (just like VDQS)

All IPRs became DOPs.

8

What is

Licoroso?

Fortified wine

9

What is

Maduro?

Matured

-often refers to wine that has been stored in a vat.

10

What is

Produzido e engarrafado por?

Produced and bottled by

11

What is

Quinado?

Aromatized Tonic Wine

Note:
- Made from extract from the Cinchona tree
- Similar to Italy's Chinato
- Pioneered in Portugal by Adriano Ramos Pinto (founder of Ramos Pinto)

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12

What is

Reserva in Portugal?

.5% higher min ABV
than minimum requirement

on traditional method Espumante indicates:
*12 months min on lees

Some regions requirements may be stricter (eg- Dao)

Used for Vintage dated wine only! 

13

What is

Solar?

Property -or- Estate

-can refer to a single vineyard

14

What is

Velho?

Literally means "Old"

Branco
*2 years min aging

Tinta
*3 years min aging

-used to have no legal definition-

15

What is

Colheita Seleccionada?

1% ABV higher
than the regular minimum

16

What is

Enforcado?

A system for training vines most widely used in Minho. 

Vines are trained very high (trees & telephone poles).

Note: less than 10% of the regions vines are trained this way anymore.

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17

What is

Chao Rija?

A soil type in the Colares DOP of Lisboa.

Hard, stony soil. (Red Sandstone?)

Located further inland away from the coast.

Chao Rija soils must be planted to 80% min Castelao (casta) in Colares DOP.  
- However, Castelao may only account for 10% Max of the total blend of Colares Tinto.

Less desirable than the sandy Chao de Areia sandy soils of the region that are closer to the coast.
Chao de Areia must be planted to 80% min Ramisco, in comparison to Chao Rija's 80% min Castelao

18

What is

Chao de Areia?

A soil type of Colares DOP in Lisboa.
(the most desirable type here)

This sandy soil is mainly dug in trenches and planted to protect it from the marine winds due to its proximity to the Atlantic coast.
- unlike the hard, stony Chao Rija soil.

Chao de Areia must be planted to 80% min Ramisco (casta).

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19

What is

Colheita?

Vintage

20

What is

D.O.P.?

Denominacao Origem Protegida

21

What is

Engarrafado?

Bottled by

22

What is

Engarrafado na origem?

Estate Bottled

23

What is

Escolha?

Choice -or- Selection

24

What is

Espumante?

Sparkling Wine

-can be made by any process unless specifically qualified on label

- If Reserva appears on the label the wine must be aged on its lees for a minimum on 12 months.

25

What is

Branco?

White

26

What is

Leo do tergo?

"Law of the third"

IVDP policy that stipulates Port houses can only release 1/3 of their total inventory annually.

27

What is

Aguardente?

A neutral grape spirit from Portugal. 

~77% min ABV~

Literally translates to "Burning Water"

(Is also called Bagaceilo)

==========

Port fortification is 110L Aguardente to 440L wine.
- in a 550L (production) port pipe.

28

What is

Vinhos ao Roda?

Madiera wines that had made the
"Torna Viagem".

These sold for higher proces than the 'Vinhos Canteiro'.

29

What is

Vinhos Canteiro?

Wines are placed in casks in the attics of Madeira Lodges. These attics are exposed to the sun --through windows-- and naturally heated each day.

This process must take place over a minimum of 2 years.

Wines that have undergone Canteiro may not be bottled until a minimum of 3 years total aging after the fortification (including the 2 years exposed to the sun).

Canteiro is typically used for the best wines a Lodge will produce.  Many are destined to become Frasqueiras.

These were not as highly prized as the 'Vinhos ao Roda' that had undergone 'Torna Viagem'. 

30

What is

Bagaceiro?

A neutral grape spirit from Portugal.

~77% min ABV~

(more commonly called Agaurdente)

==========

Port fortification is 110L Aguardente to 440L wine.
- in a 550L (production) port pipe.

31

What is

Vinho Abafado?

A partially fermented must preserved with alcohol.

Used primaraliy in Carcavelos DOP (Licorosa) in Lisboa.

32

What is

Torna Viagem?

Term used in Madeira to indicate the wines had been placed on ships in order to produce Madeira.

33

What is

Quercus Suber?

Cork Trees.

The majority of the worlds cork supply comes from Portugal.

34

What is the most widely planted

Tinta Casta of Portugal?

Castelao
(aka: Periquita)

35

What is the most widely planted

Branco Casta of Portugal?

Maria Gomez
(aka: Fernao Pires)

36

What is

Envelhicido em Garrafa?

A term that can appear on bottles of LBV Port indicating the wine has benefitted from 3 years minimum bottle aging before release.

37

What is

IVDP?

Instituto dos Vinhos de Duoro e Porto

The regulatory body that oversees all production of wine in the Duoro (Duriense).

38

What is

Adega?

Cellar

-used like Bodega is in Spain

39

What are Vinhos ao Alta?

VINHOS AO ALTA
- The modern non-terraced planting system. The vines are planted vertically to do away with terracing.

 

Other planting systems:

PATAMARES
- The traditional terracing system that does not allow for mechanized harvesting (rows are spaced to tightly)

SOCALCOS
- The modern terracing system that is more widely spaced and does allow for mechanized harvesting

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40

What are the planting systems of Douro?

PATAMARES
- The traditional terracing system that does not allow for mechanized harvesting (rows are spaced to tightly)

SOCALCOS
- The modern terracing system that is more widely spaced and does allow for mechanized harvesting

VINHOS AO ALTA
- The modern non-terraced planting system. The vines are planted vertically to do away with terracing.

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41

What are Patamares?

PATAMARES
- The traditional terracing system that does not allow for mechanized harvesting (rows are spaced to tightly)


Other planting systems:

SOCALCOS
- The modern terracing system that is more widely spaced and does allow for mechanized harvesting

VINHOS AO ALTA
- The modern non-terraced planting system. The vines are planted vertically to do away with terracing.

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42

What are Socalcos?

SOCALCOS
- The modern terracing system that is more widely spaced and does allow for mechanized harvesting

 

Other planting systems:

PATAMARES
- The traditional terracing system that does not allow for mechanized harvesting (rows are spaced to tightly)

VINHOS AO ALTA
- The modern non-terraced planting system. The vines are planted vertically to do away with terracing.

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43

What are Poios?

The name for the terraces of Madeira

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45

What are Levadas?

The system of canals on Madeira that help collect the rainwater from the upper high-altitude peaks.

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46

What are Latadas?

The name of the low hanging Pergola training system of Madeira.

48

What is the regulating body of Madeira?

IVBAM

Wine, Embroidery and Handicraft Institute of Madeira

Instituto do Vinho, do Bordado e do Artesanato da Madeira