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Flashcards in Post Assessment Review Deck (50):

Why are the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki important?

They are the only two cities that another country (U.S.) has attacked with nuclear bombs.


Provide me with 4 inventions that were created in the LATE 19th CENTURY

Lightbulb, gramophone, elevator, lightbulb, cash register, hotdogs….


Who are the 3 main dictators of WWII?

Josef Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini


This group led to the oppression of African Americans, Catholics, and Immigrants

Ku Klux Klan


What factors helped lead to the Great Depression? I need five things!

-Buying on Margin (Credit), stock-speculation, bad banking investments -Overproduction of crops -Bank-Runs -Hawley-Smoot Tariff -Stock Market Crash


Which document declared the colonists free from Great Britain?

Declaration of Independence


Explain what the De Lome Letter, and the sinking of the U.S.S. Maine are and why they are important.

-De Lome Letter= a note written by Señor Don Enrique Dupuy de Lôme, the Spanish Ambassador to the United States, to Don José Canelejas, the Foreign Minister of Spain, reveals de Lôme's opinion about the Spanish involvement in Cuba and US President McKinley's diplomacy. -U.S.S. Maine was a ship that was sunk in the Havana, Cuba harbor. Americans believed that the Spanish attacked the ship. -Both of these incidents helped lead the United States into the Spanish-American War.


What tactics did southern whites use to stop African American political participation in the South?

Jim Crow Laws, Poll Taxes, Literacy Tests


Which group uses strikes to try and gain things they want?

Labor Unions


What is the “War Guilt Clause” within the Treaty of Versailles? and why is it important?

-"War Guilt Clause" (Politics - Treaty of Versailles) Article 231 of the Treaty of Versailles, known as the War Guilt Clause, was a statement that Germany was responsible for beginning World War I. -Germany was blamed for starting WWI even know they did not start it. -Many Germans were extremely upset and blamed the Allies for destroying the economy of Germany -Led to the rise of the Nazis and Adolf Hitler, who personally blamed the “War Guilt Clause” for embarrassing Germany and destroying their economy.


What is imperialism?

A policy of practice by which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world.


What type of power did the world see the United States having after the Spanish-American War and World War I?

-Power to produce -Industrial Powe


What was the Harlem-Renaissance?

The Harlem Renaissance was the name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s. During this period Harlem was a cultural center, drawing black writers, artists, musicians, photographers, poets, and scholars.


How did immigration transform American life? One positive and One negative example.

Positive- Immigrants brought in new cultures, religions, ideas, food, etc.. into the country Negative- rise of Nativism and violence in cities, overcrowding, diseases, etc..


List and explain 5 events that increased fears during the SECOND RED SCARE

-Korean War, Soviet testing a nuclear bomb, Space Race, Cuban Missile Crisis, Joseph McCarthy, China falling to communism, Eastern Europe falling to communism


What was FDR’s New Deal program? What did it attempt to accomplish?

-FDR’s New Deal program was a series of domestic reforms in the United States aimed at creating jobs and stimulating the economy. -It attempted to create a huge amount of programs to help with unemployment and end the Great Depress


What is another name for the first 10 Amendments to the Constitution?

The Bill of Rights


What is Prohibition?

An era in the United States where alcohol was banned


Explain what the Progressive Era was.

A period of social activism and political reform in the United States that flourished from the 1890s to the 1920s.


What is the belief that native born Americans are better than immigrants called?



Who was Joseph McCarthy and what is McCarthyism

McCarthy was a senator who accused over 200 people of being communists including politicians, actors/directors, and military officials. He was the leader of the Red Scare. McCarthyism is when you accuse someone of treason/disloyalty without providing evidence


Define the “Containment Policy.”

Containment was a United States policy to prevent the spread of communism abroad. A component of the Cold War, this policy was a response to a series of moves by the Soviet Union to enlarge communist influence in Eastern Europe, China, Korea, Africa, and Vietnam.


What are the Jim Crow Laws? Explain in detail and providing multiple examples!!!

-The Jim Crow laws were racial segregation state and local laws enacted after the Reconstruction period in Southern United States that continued in force until 1965 mandating de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern U.S. states (of the former Confederacy), starting in 1890 with a "separate but equal" status for African Americans. -Mental Hospitals: The Board of Control shall see that proper and distinct apartments are arranged for said patients, so that in no case shall Negroes and white persons be together. Georgia Intermarriage: It shall be unlawful for a white person to marry anyone except a white person. Any marriage in violation of this section shall be void. Georgia Barbers: No colored barber shall serve as a barber [to] white women or girls. Georgia Burial: The officer in charge shall not bury, or allow to be buried, any colored persons upon ground set apart or used for the burial of white persons. Georgia Restaurants: All persons licensed to conduct a restaurant, shall serve either white people exclusively or colored people exclusively and shall not sell to the two races within the same room or serve the two races anywhere under the same license. Georgia Amateur Baseball: It shall be unlawful for any amateur white baseball team to play baseball on any vacant lot or baseball diamond within two blocks of a playground devoted to the Negro race, and it shall be unlawful for any amateur colored baseball team to play baseball in any vacant lot or baseball diamond within two blocks of any playground devoted to the white race. Georgia Parks: It shall be unlawful for colored people to frequent any park owned or maintained by the city for the benefit, use and enjoyment of white persons...and unlawful for any white person to frequent any park owned or maintained by the city for the use and benefit of colored persons. Georgia Wine and Beer: All persons licensed to conduct the business of selling beer or wine...shall serve either white people exclusively or colored people exclusively and shall not sell to the two races within the same room at any time. Georgia


Explain the First Red Scare

The Red Scare is the promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism, used by anti-leftist proponents. In the United States, the First Red Scare was about worker (socialist) revolution and political radicalism.


What is the Manhattan Project? and where did it take place? (main three places)

-The secret project to create an atomic bomb -All over the country mainly in Los Alamos, New Mexico, Hanover, Washington, and Oak Ridge, Tennessee


Explain what happened during the Korean War. Make sure to talk about General Douglass MacArthur

North Korea invaded South Korea, where the allies were pushed back to a corner of S. Korea. Douglass Macarthur flanks the N.Korean’s and forces them to the Northern border. China then attacks us, MacArthur attempts to nuke China and gets fired, we are pushed back to the 38th parallel, ceasefire is signed.


Explain the Great Migration

Movement of African Americans from the South to the North in search of job opportunities and to escape Jim Crow Laws


What territories did the United States gain from the Spanish-American war?

Guam, Puerto Rico, Guantanamo Bay, The Philippines


Explain the Anti-Federalist position on government and the Bill of Rights.

They wanted a strong state government, were supportive of the Articles of Confederation, and wanted the Bill of Rights to protect individual freedoms


What is Industrialization in America?

Industrialization is the period of social and economic change that transformed the United States from a majority agrarian society into an industrial one.


Explain the word appeasement and it’s significance to the start of WWII.

-A political policy of conceding to aggression by a warlike nation. A classic example of appeasement is the Munich Pact of 1938, negotiated between Neville Chamberlain and Adolf Hitler. Chamberlain, the prime minister of Britain, allowed Hitler to annex part of Czechoslovakia to Germany. -European nations appeased Hitler by giving into his demands and not attacking him when they had the chance.


What is the Cold War?

-a state of political hostility between countries characterized by threats, propaganda, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular. -the state of political hostility that existed between the Soviet bloc countries and the US-led Western powers from 1945 to 1990.


Explain the Federalist position on government and their position on the Bill of Rights.

-Federalists wanted a strong national government. -They did NOT want the Bill of Rights because they thought it was unnecessary


What is the Constitution and what are it’s powers?

The Constitution established a federal system of government, a representative democracy and a framework with separation of powers and checks and balances.


What are checks and balances and why are they written into the Constitution?

Checks and balances are separating the branches of government used to keep the government from getting too powerful in one branch.


Explain each of the three R’s of the New Deal program. Provide me with three New Deal programs that fit for each of the R’s (3 in total).

-Relief- Temporary programs to provide help to the most desperate people in American society. EX) Public Works Administration (PWA), Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA), Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) -Recovery- Programs that were meant to restore the economy and end the Great Depression. EX) Social Security Act (SSA), AAA -Reform- Permanent programs that were meant to make sure that the Great Depression never happened again. EX) SSA, AAA, FDIC


Provide a three sentence summary of the Cuban Missile Crisis.

The SU puts nukes in Cuba, Kennedy orders a blockade of Cuba, we pressure the SU with the United Nations, We eventually remove our nukes from Turkey when they removed theirs from Cuba


Explain both sides of the argument for dropping the atomic bombs on Japan. Make sure to provide at least three reasons why it was a GOOD decision and three reasons why it was a BAD decision.

GOOD -Saved American troops lives (possibly up to 1,500,000) -Ended the war extremely quickly -Saved Japanese soldiers and civilians lives but not making a mainland invasion -Japan started the war by attacking Pearl Harbor -Show the Soviet Union how powerful the United States really is BAD -Japan was going to surrender it was only a matter of time -Japan had known that they could not win the war and there were multiple attempts to overthrow the government (Coup) to force a surrender -America could have offered a conditional surrender and allowed Japan to keep their Emperor -America could have allowed Japan to watch the nuclear weapons test in the Alamogordo desert to show them the destructive capabilities -American could have given the Japanese more than 2 days to surrender following the attack on Hiroshima


Define Isolationism.

A policy of remaining apart from the affairs or interests of other groups, especially the political affairs of other countries.


Provide me with three sources the Bill of Rights is derived from

Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, and Enlightenment thinker philosophers such as John Locke, Montesquieu, Rousseau, etc..


What is the Northwest Ordinance?

Provided a process for bringing new states into the country


Explain the government and economic systems of the WEST and the EAST during the Cold War. Discuss how the difference in ideologies created Cold War tension.

West- Capitalist/democratic East- Communist/dictatorship


What is the “Iron Curtain”? Why is it significant during the Cold War?

-METAPHOR!!!!- The Iron Curtain symbolized the ideological conflict and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. The term symbolized efforts by the Soviet Union to block itself and its satellite states from open contact with the west and non-Soviet-controlled areas. -On the east side of the Iron Curtain were the countries that were connected to or influenced by the Soviet Union. On either side of the Iron Curtain, states developed their own international economic and military alliances


Define the “Domino Effect.”

The domino theory was a theory prominent from the 1950s to the 1980s, that speculated that if one state in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect.


Create a list of 6 Progressive Era movements.

-Women’s Suffrage, Prohibition/Temperance, African American Rights, Labor Unions/Worker’s Rights, Immigrant Rights, Cleaning up political corruption, etc..


What does nationalism mean?

Extreme pride in one's country


What is the Treaty of Versailles? and why is it significant to both WWI and WWII? Provide Examples

-Treaty that ended WWI -It ended WWI but it put extreme reparations on Germany (over 500 billion dollars worth) that crippled their economy leading to an economic collapse and the rise of the Nazis and Adolf Hitler


Explain what the Reconstruction Era in America was following the Civil War.

Period after the Civil War where there were changes to the U.S. Constitution, an affirmation of federal authority, but also lingering social and political differences


What are the main problems with the Articles of Federation?

Cannot tax, Cannot raise an army, No Executive Branch, No Federal Judicial system, etc..


What are the rights provided by the First Amendment to the Constitution?

Speech, Religion, Press, Assembly, and Petition